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Acetylcholine receptors that bind nicotine with high affinity but do not bind alpha-bungarotoxin have recently been immunoaffinity purified from brains of chickens and rats (Whiting and Lindstrom, 1986a, b; Whiting and Lindstrom, 1987a). Antisera to these receptors bind to the nicotinic receptors that regulate cation channel opening on chick ciliary(More)
BXSB mice spontaneously develop a lupus-like syndrome that is accelerated by the Yaa gene (Y-linked autoimmune accelerator). We studied the phenotype of disease in (B10 x BXSB)F1 and (BXSB x (B10 x BXSB)F1) backcross mice and genotyped 224 backcross animals to allow a microsatellite-based genome-wide linkage analysis to be conducted. In the backcross(More)
We have developed an ELISA to measure murine autoantibodies to the collagenous region (CLR) of C1q, using the whole human C1q molecule as the solid-phase ligand, in the presence of 1 M NaCl. The assay was validated by testing positive sera from 20 mice using purified mouse C1q, and from 10 mice using purified human C1q-CLR, as the solid-phase ligands. There(More)
The activation-induced differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells generates functionally divergent type 1 helper T cells (Th1) or type 2 helper T cells (Th2) effector cell populations, characterized by secretion of Interferon (IFN)-gamma or Interleukin (IL)-4, respectively. Inappropriate generation of Th subsets may contribute to immune dysfunction. The decision(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by the production of numerous antinuclear autoantibodies and inflammatory mediators. The BXSB mouse strain is an excellent model of the disease. Previous work has determined a number of important disease susceptibility intervals that have been isolated in separate congenic(More)
The New Zealand Black (NZB) mouse strain is a model of autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AHA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), characterized by the production of anti-red blood cell (RBC) antibodies and anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), respectively. A linkage analysis was carried out in an (NZB x BALB/c) F(2) cross in order to identify loci involved in(More)
The BXSB mouse strain is an important model of glomerulonephritis observed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Linkage studies have successfully identified disease-susceptibility intervals; however, extracting the identity of the susceptibility gene(s) in such regions is the crucial next step. Congenic mouse strains present a defined genetic resource(More)
The molecular basis of hereditary complement factor I deficiency is described in two pedigrees. In one pedigree, there were two factor I-deficient siblings, one of whom was asymptomatic and the other suffered from recurrent pyogenic infections. Their factor I mRNA was analyzed by reverse transcription of fibroblast RNA followed by amplification using the(More)
The amino acid sequence of Ba, a fragment of the complement protein Factor B, has been determined from the sequence of its corresponding cDNA. Ba is composed of 234 amino acids and from the sequence two striking regions of internal homology are apparent which are related to a third less homologous region. Analysis of cloned genomic DNA using an 81-bp cDNA(More)
Human autoimmune diseases thought to arise from the combined effects of multiple susceptibility genes include systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and autoimmune diabetes. Well-characterised polygenic mouse models closely resembling each of these diseases exist, and genetic evidence links receptors for the Fc portion of immunoglobulin G (FcR) with their(More)