Bernard J. Morley

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Acetylcholine receptors that bind nicotine with high affinity but do not bind alpha-bungarotoxin have recently been immunoaffinity purified from brains of chickens and rats (Whiting and Lindstrom, 1986a, b; Whiting and Lindstrom, 1987a). Antisera to these receptors bind to the nicotinic receptors that regulate cation channel opening on chick ciliary(More)
Human autoimmune diseases thought to arise from the combined effects of multiple susceptibility genes include systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and autoimmune diabetes. Well-characterised polygenic mouse models closely resembling each of these diseases exist, and genetic evidence links receptors for the Fc portion of immunoglobulin G (FcR) with their(More)
The TCR recognizes antigens associated with MHC molecules (1). This recognition event is then transduced across the plasma membrane to initiate intracellular biochemical events that include phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis and tyrosine kinase activation (2). The remarkable complexity of the TCR is likely to have evolved to carry out efficiently both its(More)
The human complement protein Factor B is encoded by a single gene in the major histocompatibility complex and is closely linked to the gene encoding the second component of complement C2. DNA sequencing, S1 mapping, and primer extension experiments have established that the transcription initiation site of the Factor B gene lies only 421 bp from the poly(A)(More)
The endogenous retroviral envelope glycoprotein, gp70, implicated in murine lupus nephritis is secreted by hepatocytes as an acute phase protein, and it has been thought to be a product of an endogenous xenotropic virus, NZB-X1. However, since endogenous polytropic (PT) and modified polytropic (mPT) viruses encode gp70s that are closely related to(More)
AIMS Premature cardiovascular events complicate chronic inflammatory conditions. Low-dose weekly methotrexate (MTX), the most widely used disease-modifying drug for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), reduces disease-associated cardiovascular mortality. MTX increases intracellular accumulation of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide(More)
The BXSB strain of recombinant inbred mice develops a spontaneous pathology that closely resembles the human disease systemic lupus erythematosus. Six non-MHC loci, Yaa, Bxs1-4, and Bxs6, have been linked to the development of aspects of the disease while a further locus, Bxs5, may be a BXSB-derived disease suppressor. Disease development is delayed in a(More)
High levels of the retroviral envelope protein gp70 and gp70 immune complexes have been linked to a single locus on chromosome 13 (Bxs6) in the BXSB model, to which linkage of nephritis was also seen. Congenic lines containing the BXSB Bxs6 interval on a non-autoimmune C57BL/10 background were bred in the presence or absence of the BXSB Y chromosome(More)
Lupus-prone New Zealand Black and New Zealand White mice produce high serum levels of the endogenous retroviral envelope protein gp70 and develop an Ab response to this autoantigen as part of their autoimmune disease. Linkage analysis of two crosses involving New Zealand and BALB/c mice mapped these traits to a group of overlapping loci, including a novel(More)