Bernard J. Cohen

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BACKGROUND The cause of fulminant hepatitis (FH) in children is unexplained in up to 50% of cases. We report parvovirus B19 as an agent associated with FH in children and compare clinical characteristics of these patients with those of age-matched patients with FH of other origin. METHODS 45 patients presented with FH. No cause was apparent in 21(More)
19 of 153 patients attending an early-synovitis clinic were shown to have been recently infected by the human parvovirus (HPV). 5 other patients had evidence of some other closely preceding infection. HPV-infected patients typically presented with symmetrical peripheral polyarthropathy of sudden onset and moderate severity. Usually there was some(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the suitability of using oral-fluid samples for determining the prevalence of immunity to vaccine-preventable infections. METHODS Paired blood and oral-fluid samples were obtained from 853 individuals of all ages from a rural Ethiopian community. Oral fluid around the gums was screened for measles- and rubella-specific antibodies using(More)
Following a school-based measles-rubella vaccination campaign in November 1994, enhanced surveillance of measles, including IgM antibody testing of oral fluid from clinically diagnosed case-patients, was introduced in England and Wales. Between 1995 and 2001, 665 cases of measles were confirmed, including 371 (56%) confirmed only by IgM detection in oral(More)
Surveillance of rubella in England and Wales has included immunoglobulin M testing of oral (crevicular) fluid from reported case-patients since 1994. The need for laboratory confirmation to monitor rubella elimination is emphasized by poor sensitivity (51%, 95% confidence interval 48.9%-54.0%) and specificity (55%, 95% confidence interval 53.7%-55.6%) of(More)