Bernard Irthum

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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are hamartomatous vascular malformations characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities without intervening brain parenchyma. They cause seizures and cerebral hemorrhages, which can result in focal neurological deficits. Three CCM loci have been mapped, and loss-of-function mutations were identified in the(More)
 We evaluated the direct location in the globus pallidus (GP) under stereotactic MRI (sMRI) guidance in five parkinsonians treated with chronic deep brain stimulation (four bilaterally). The sMRI consisted of three orthogonal (horizontal, frontal, sagittal) sets of images obtained with a stereotactic frame and its localiser. The sMRI was coupled with(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is known to promote tumour growth and survival. We evaluated IL-6 gene amplification in tumours from 53 glioma patients using fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Amplification events were detected only in glioblastomas (15 out of 36 cases), the most malignant tumours, and were significantly associated with decreased patient survival.
 Slowly varying pressure oscillations in the cranial enclosure are well known, especially intracranial pressure waves as best described by the pioneering works of Janny and Lundberg. Nevertheless, in spite of over twenty five years research on intracranial pressure waves, their origin and regulation remain unclear but are often considered only as(More)
A microcomputer program to analyse ICP signal in the frequential domain is described. It allows the detection and quantification of especially slow pressure waves (A, B, and C). 212 ICP data recordings were analysed with our software, and gave pertinent frequential informations. The status report and lessons learned are discussed.
The presence of telomerase activity in a glioma may be a predictor of its malignant potential. Activation of telomerase is regulated at the transcriptional level of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Here, we evaluated whether the amount of hTERT mRNA provides a molecular marker of glioma malignancy that would have clinical utility. We used(More)
Single units were recorded using extracellular glass microelectrodes in all laminae of the superior colliculus of the rat under halothane nitrous oxide anaesthesia. Fifty-one units were encountered which responded to a low intensity mechanical stimulus applied to a contralateral or bilateral field located in the oral sphere (intraoral 11, perioral 16), on(More)
The authors investigated intracranial pressure, resistance to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) absorption following ventricular infusion and radiopharmaceutical absorption of radionuclide injected into the ventricles in two infants with dilatation of the subarachnoid pericerebral space. The results of this study showed an increased resistance to CSF absorption.(More)
Supradiaphragmatic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secreting pituitary adenomas are exceptionally encountered (14 cases previously described) and raise issues concerning their nosology and management. If surgery is the treatment of choice, the nature of surgical approach (craniotomy, transsphenoidal approach) remains controversial. To illustrate this(More)
Sixteen patients suffering from benign intracranial hypertension were studied by a continuous measurement of intraventricular pressure, a simultaneous recording of intraventricular and sagittal sinus pressures, and a measurement of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) resistance to drainage. Isotope cisternography was performed and the patency of the dural sinuses(More)