Bernard H Doft

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PURPOSE To determine the microbiologic spectrum and antibiotic susceptibilities of infecting organisms in postoperative endophthalmitis and to evaluate the effects of operative factors on the microbiologic spectrum. METHODS Patients with bacterial endophthalmitis presenting within six weeks of cataract extraction or secondary intraocular lens implantation(More)
PURPOSE The authors determine if specific features of the clinical presentation of acute postoperative endophthalmitis correlated with the microbiologic culture results. METHODS A total of 420 patients who had clinical evidence of endophthalmitis within 6 weeks after cataract surgery or secondary intraocular lens implantation were evaluated as part of a(More)
A prospective, randomized study was performed to demonstrate whether there was a difference in the beneficial or adverse effects of argon laser photocoagulation for proliferative diabetic retinopathy depending on whether treatment was administered in a single session as compared with multiple sessions spaced over time. Results show no major differences(More)
The contribution of diabetes duration, both pre- and postpuberty, to the development of microvascular complications and mortality in diabetic subjects was investigated in three study populations from the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) Registry. Life-table analyses by total and postpubertal IDDM duration were(More)
Ocular clearance of amphotericin B after direct intravitreal injection was studied in a rabbit model. Unmodified phakic eyes, Candida-infected eyes, aphakic eyes, and aphakic vitrectomized eyes were employed. Using high pressure liquid chromatography to assess drug level, the half-lives of drug disappearance after single 10-microgram (microgram)(More)
A study was performed to determine how amphotericin B is distributed in the eye after direct intravitreal injection. Radiolabeled amphotericin B was administered by direct injection into the vitreous space of unmodified phakic control or vitrectomized aphakic eyes in the rabbit model. The eyes were removed at different post-injection times, frozen and(More)
We herein describe 12 patients who suffered penetration or perforation of the globe during injection of a local anesthetic before cataract surgery. Minimum follow-up was 6 months. Six eyes had a final visual acuity of 20/50 or better and an attached retina. Four eyes had an attached retina with a visual acuity of 20/80 to 2/200. Two eyes were anatomic(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the frequency of retinal detachment following postcataract endophthalmitis and to evaluate the results of management of these detachments. METHODS Prospective data collected as part of the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study were analyzed. The study was a randomized clinical trial testing the roles of vitrectomy and intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the data for cultures and Gram stains prospectively collected by protocol in the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study. DESIGN Cultures of aqueous, undiluted vitreous, and (for patients who underwent vitrectomy) vitrectomy cassette fluid obtained from 420 patients were prepared on chocolate agar, in thioglycolate broth, and on Sabouraud(More)