Bernard Guillemain

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The nucleotide sequences of the env genes of seven bovine leukemia viruses and the encoded peptide sequence were compared, with the objective of (i) determining the genetic distance separating bovine leukemia virus isolates from different geographical regions, (ii) identifying particular amino acids that contribute to the sequential and conformational(More)
To gain new insights on the origin, evolution, and modes of dissemination of human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1), we performed a molecular analysis of 58 new African HTLV-1 strains (18 from West Africa, 36 from Central Africa, and 4 from South Africa) originating from 13 countries. Of particular interest were eight strains from Pygmies of remote(More)
Proviral DNA was obtained from ex vivo peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 75 human T cell leukaemia/lymphoma virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected individuals who were either asymptomatic or had adult T cell leukaemia or tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. Amplified long terminal repeats (LTRs) were analysed for restriction fragment(More)
The Syrian Hamster kidney cell line (BHK-21) was stably transfected with a plasmid vector containing the lacZ bacterial gene under the control of a HTLV-I-LTR promoter. In these cells termed pA18G-BHK-21, this lacZ construct is inducible by the tax protein produced by a tax expression vector. It was also shown that beta-galactosidase synthesis was detected(More)
The bovine leukemia virus mRNAs expressed in cultured bovine cells of various origins are a 9.0-kilobase genomic RNA, a 5.1-kilobase env RNA, and a newly detected 2.1-kilobase RNA corresponding to the transcription of pX sequences located in between the env gene and the 3' end of the provirus.
By the use of sera of human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTVL-I)-infected individuals it was shown that amino acid substitutions at positions 192 (proline to serine) and 250 (serine to proline) in major immunodominant regions (175-199 and 239-261) of the surface envelope glycoprotein (gp46) of the virus may influence the humoral response. Since human sera(More)
The majority of neutralizing antibodies of HTLV-I are directed against linear epitopes of the envelope surface glycoprotein (gp46) in the immunodominant region 175-199. Although gp46 presents a remarkable degree of conservation, the substitution of the proline at position 192 by a serine is described for 10 isolates among the 54 sequenced ones. This amino(More)
Essential HTLV-I biological functions depend on the structural motives of the surface glycoprotein (gp46). Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been generated in order to identify functional regions of gp46. We obtained three monoclonal antibodies (3F3F10, 4F5F6 and 7G5D8) by immunizing Balb/c mice with beta-propiolactone inactivated HTLV-I producing cells and(More)
The image of a queen bitten by a snake is controversial and the facts, such as the swiftness of her death and her servants, and scientific experiments are in favour of a deadly poisoning. The author reminds that in the ancient texts the snake had sacred virtues and it was a symbolic image to embellish the suicide of the one who was sentenced to death by the(More)