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The nucleotide sequences of the env genes of seven bovine leukemia viruses and the encoded peptide sequence were compared, with the objective of (i) determining the genetic distance separating bovine leukemia virus isolates from different geographical regions, (ii) identifying particular amino acids that contribute to the sequential and conformational(More)
The image of a queen bitten by a snake is controversial and the facts, such as the swiftness of her death and her servants, and scientific experiments are in favour of a deadly poisoning. The author reminds that in the ancient texts the snake had sacred virtues and it was a symbolic image to embellish the suicide of the one who was sentenced to death by the(More)
To gain new insights on the origin, evolution, and modes of dissemination of human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1), we performed a molecular analysis of 58 new African HTLV-1 strains (18 from West Africa, 36 from Central Africa, and 4 from South Africa) originating from 13 countries. Of particular interest were eight strains from Pygmies of remote(More)
A panel of monoclonal antibodies to the bovine leukemia virus envelope glycoprotein (BLV gp51) has previously demonstrated the association of the biological activities of the virus (infectivity, syncytia induction) with three out of eight epitopes of gp51. In BLV-infected cells, the unglycosylated homolog of the precursor to the BLV envelope glycoproteins(More)
Complement fixation (CF) and hematological studies were performed on 517 cows living in normal conditions in different geographical areas of France. The animals belonged to three different categories: (1) multiple or single case herds, in which lymphosarcomas had been detected in the past five years. (2) Leukemia free herds of high risk regions. (3)(More)
Bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) is known to be the aetiological agent of enzootic bovine lymphosarcoma. As the mechanism of tumour induction is unknown, we analysed the viral proteins expressed in cultured bovine cells of different origin, i.e. from enzootic or sporadic tumourous tissues, normal cells infected or not with BLV, and the reference FLK-BLV cells.(More)
Proviral DNA was obtained from ex vivo peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 75 human T cell leukaemia/lymphoma virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected individuals who were either asymptomatic or had adult T cell leukaemia or tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. Amplified long terminal repeats (LTRs) were analysed for restriction fragment(More)
The bovine leukemia virus mRNAs expressed in cultured bovine cells of various origins are a 9.0-kilobase genomic RNA, a 5.1-kilobase env RNA, and a newly detected 2.1-kilobase RNA corresponding to the transcription of pX sequences located in between the env gene and the 3' end of the provirus.
BACKGROUND Human T-cell leukemia virus Types I and II (HTLV-I and HTLV-II), blood-borne retroviruses found worldwide, can cause leukemia, immunosuppression, and severe neurologic diseases. In most countries, HTLV-I and -II screening is not performed systematically for blood donations. A new photochemical treatment (PCT) with a synthetic psoralen was(More)