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Visual saliency has been an increasingly active research area in the last ten years with dozens of saliency models recently published. Nowadays, one of the big challenges in the field is to find a way to fairly evaluate all of these models. In this paper, on human eye fixations, we compare the ranking of 12 state-of-the art saliency models using 12(More)
Significant progress has been made in terms of computational models of bottom-up visual attention (saliency). However, efficient ways of comparing these models for still images remain an open research question. The problem is even more challenging when dealing with videos and dynamic saliency. The paper proposes a framework for dynamic-saliency model(More)
In this paper, a new bottom-up visual saliency model is proposed. Based on the idea that locally contrasted and globally rare features are salient, this model will be called “RARE” in the following sections. It uses a sequential bottom-up features extraction where first low-level features as luminance and chrominance are computed and from(More)
In this paper, a computer vision based system is introduced to automatically sort apple fruits. An artificial neural network segments the defected regions on fruit by pixel-wise processing. Statistical features are extracted from the defected regions and then fruit is graded by a supervised classifier. Linear discriminant, nearest neighbor, fuzzy nearest(More)
Sex cord-stromal tumors represent approximately 4% of all testicular neoplasms. Leydig cell tumor (LCT) is the most common entity, followed by Sertoli cell tumor (SCT). Leydig cell tumor histologic diagnosis is usually easy, but occasional forms of LCT could mimic others neoplasms, especially SCT or variants of yolk sac tumor. The aim of this study was to(More)
Microcystic transitional cell carcinoma is a rare variant of urothelial carcinoma; to date, it has been described only in the urinary bladder. We report 2 cases of microcystic transitional cell carcinoma arising in the renal pelvis. The first case occurred in a 73-year-old man with a history of superficially invasive transitional cell carcinoma who(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the value of frozen section examination for the management of small incidental testis tumors. METHODS We reviewed all cases of incidental nonpalpable testis tumors that have been examined in frozen section during the period 1996-2002. For each case, frozen section and definitive histological slides were available and were reviewed.(More)
This paper deals with the selection of relevant motion from multi-object movement. The proposed method is based on a multi-scale approach using features extracted from optical flow and global rarity quantification to compute bottom-up saliency maps. It shows good results from four objects to dense crowds with increasing performance. The results are(More)