Bernard Genty

Learn More
CO(2) faces a series of resistances while diffusing between the substomatal cavities and the sites of carboxylation within chloroplasts. The absence of techniques to measure the resistance of individual steps makes it difficult to define their relative importance. Resistance to diffusion through intercellular airspace differs between leaves, but is usually(More)
Reactive oxygen species and redox signaling undergo synergistic and antagonistic interactions with phytohormones to regulate protective responses of plants against biotic and abiotic stresses. However, molecular insight into the nature of this crosstalk remains scarce. We demonstrate that the hydrogen peroxide-responsive UDP-glucosyltransferase UGT74E2 of(More)
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are Zn-containing metalloenzymes that catalyse the reversible hydration of CO(2). We investigated the alphaCA and betaCA families in Arabidopsis, which contain eight alphaCA (At alphaCA1-8) and six betaCA genes (At betaCA1-6). Analyses of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR) database(More)
The effects of light-induced non-photochemical quenching on the minimal Fo, and variable Fv, fluorescence emissions at 690 and 730 nm in leaves were determined. Non-photochemical quenching of Fo, but not Fv, was found to be dependent upon the wavelength of emission, and was greater at 690 nm than at 730 nm. For emission at 730, compared to at 690 nm,(More)
Chlororespiration has been defined as a respiratory electron transport chain in interaction with photosynthetic electron transport involving both non-photochemical reduction and oxidation of plastoquinones. Different enzymatic activities, including a plastid-encoded NADH dehydrogenase complex, have been reported to be involved in the non-photochemical(More)
Light activates proton (H(+))-ATPases in guard cells, to drive hyperpolarization of the plasma membrane to initiate stomatal opening, allowing diffusion of ambient CO(2) to photosynthetic tissues. Light to darkness transition, high CO(2) levels and the stress hormone abscisic acid (ABA) promote stomatal closing. The overall H(+)-ATPase activity is(More)
In response to drought, plants synthesise the hormone abscisic acid (ABA), which triggers closure of the stomatal pores. This process is vital for plants to conserve water by reducing transpirational water loss. Moreover, recent studies have demonstrated the advantages of the Arabidopsis stomatal guard cell for combining genetic, molecular and biophysical(More)
The three most commonly used methods for estimating mesophyll conductance (g(m)) are described. They are based on gas exchange measurements either (i) by themselves; (ii) in combination with chlorophyll fluorescence quenching analysis; or (iii) in combination with discrimination against (13)CO(2). To obtain reliable estimates of g(m), the highest possible(More)
The effects of drought on Photosystem II (PSII) fluorescence and photosynthetic electron transport activities were analyzed in cotton. Water stress did not modify the amplitude of leaf variable fluorescence at room temperature in the presence of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) nor at 77 K. It is therefore concluded that photon collection,(More)
The inter-relationships between the quantum efficiencies of photosystems I (φI) and II (φII) and the quantum yield of CO2 fixation % MathType!MTEF!2!1!+-% feaafiart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn% hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr% 4rNCHbGeaGak0dh9WrFfpC0xh9vqqj-hEeeu0xXdbba9frFj0-OqFf%(More)