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HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins (Env), expressed at the cell surface, induce apoptosis of uninfected CD4+ T cells, contributing to the development of AIDS. Here we demonstrate that, independently of HIV replication, transfected or HIV-infected cells that express Env induced autophagy and accumulation of Beclin 1 in uninfected CD4+ T lymphocytes via CXCR4. The(More)
It has been hypothesized that late adolescence and early adulthood might be a brain developmental stage favoring the clinical expression of psychotic symptoms in psychiatric or neurological diseases. The aim of the present survey was to examine the relationship between age and delusional ideation in a sample of subjects with no psychiatric disorder. The(More)
BACKGROUND Chikungunya Virus (ChikV) surprised by a massive re-emerging outbreak in Indian Ocean in 2006, reaching Europe in 2007 and exhibited exceptional severe physiopathology in infants and elderly patients. In this context, it is important to analyze the innate immune host responses triggered against ChikV. Autophagy has been shown to be an important(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that psychotic symptoms may be distributed along a continuum that extends from normality through depressive states to schizophrenia with increasing level of severity. This study examined the hypothesis that the severity of positive psychotic symptoms increases from normality, through depression/anxiety states to clinical(More)
Seven recombinants of AcNPV harboring various forms of complete or truncated gag gene from HIV-1 were constructed to determine which functional domains of the gag polyprotein are implicated in its self-assembly and cellular localization. The p6 carboxy-terminal portion of the p15 NCgag domain appeared to be dispensable for assembly, budding, and release of(More)
The human I-mfa domain-containing protein (HIC) mRNA produces two protein isoforms, HIC p32 and p40, synthesized from alternative translational initiations. p32 translation is initiated from a standard AUG codon and p40 is an N-terminal extension of p32 generated from an upstream GUG codon. The two isoforms show different subcellular localization: p32 is(More)
BACKGROUND The machinery of early HIV-1 replication still remains to be elucidated. Recently the viral core was reported to persist in the infected cell cytoplasm as an assembled particle, giving rise to the reverse transcription complex responsible for the synthesis of proviral DNA and its transport to the nucleus. Numerous studies have demonstrated that(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the prevalence of delusional ideas in primary-care patients. METHOD A survey was carried out with the Aquitaine Sentinel Network of general practitioners (GPs). Consecutive practice attenders were invited to complete the Peters et al. Delusional Inventory (PDI-21) self-report questionnaire, designed to measure delusional ideation in(More)
The different epidermal growth factor (EGF)-related peptides elicit a diverse array of biological responses as the result of their ability to activate distinct subsets of ErbB receptor dimers, leading to the recruitment of different intracellular signaling networks. To specifically examine dimerization-dependent modulation of receptor signaling, we(More)