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OBJECTIVE The authors investigated the metabolic maturation of the frontal cortex in pre-school autistic children. METHOD Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) in five children with primary autism diagnosed according to the DSM-III-R criteria was studied longitudinally. Regional CBF in each of the autistic children was measured with single photon emission(More)
Infantile autism is a syndrome of unknown aetiology and unknown neuro-anatomic substrate. The authors report a histological study of the brain of a well-documented 16-year-old female with autistic syndrome and severe mental retardation, using direct microscopic examination of the whole brain. The major findings are low brain weight, a thin corpus callosum(More)
This article reports the behavioral, biochemical, and electrophysiological effects of four therapeutic crossed-sequential double-blind trials with 60 autistic children: Trial A--vitamin B6 plus magnesium/magnesium; Trial B--vitamin B6 plus magnesium; Trial C--magnesium; and Trial D--vitamin B6. Therapeutic effects were controlled using behavior rating(More)
Urinary catecholamines (DA, NE, E) and their main metabolites (HVA, DOPAC, MHPG) were analyzed both as free and conjugates in eight children diagnosed as autistic according to DSM-III criteria and eight normal children. Significant differences appeared for the urinary excretion of both DA and NE and their respective metabolites: Autistic children showed low(More)
To study the relationships between clinical and biological data that are necessary for physiopathological analysis in the field of developmental disorders, we developed a quantified grouping system, based on four developmental assessment parameters. Parallel with this clinical research, we developed electrophysiological procedures adapted to the pathology(More)
Childhood autism is not usually considered as a neurological disease although frequent antecedents of ante, peri and postnatal injuries are found in its antecedents. Several symptoms of autism particularly in the early development, resemble the signs observed in frontal, temporal, striatal and brainstem dysfunctioning. These cerebral structures are(More)
The influence of stimulus intensity on the N1 component of auditory evoked potentials recorded at fronto-central sites was investigated in respect to the spectral components of the EEG recorded at Cz, Fz and Oz. The study was performed on 14 healthy adult subjects. The only EEG frequency bandwidth that was strongly correlated with the N1 amplitude-intensity(More)
Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to tones (750 Hz--200 msec) ranging from 50 to 80 dB SPL were studied at Cz and Fz leads in 29 normal adults (15 males) ranging in age from 20 to 22. Peak-to-trough amplitudes were measured for the P1-N1 and the N1-P2 wave forms as well as baseline (500 msec prestimulus)-to-peak amplitudes for each component, i.e., P1, N1(More)
A dopamine deficiency has been implicated in Rett syndrome, a progressive encephalopathy in girls that involves movement, tonus and cognitive disorders. To test the hypothesis that striatal D2 receptors increase in number in early stages of the disease, we measured the binding potential of 123I-Iodolisuride, a specific D2 ligand, in eleven Rett children(More)
Preliminary analyses of 12 home movies taken by parents before the recognition of autistic disorders of their own child confirm the major value of this method for describing early signs: anomalies of eye contact, deficient variability of emotional expression, defect of attention and initiation of communication, motor abnormalities, etc. The possibilities of(More)