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OBJECTIVE To determine whether the effects of APOE promoter polymorphisms on AD are independent of the APOE-epsilon4 allele. BACKGROUND Recently, the -491 A-->T and -219 G-->T polymorphisms located in the APOE promoter have been suggested to be risk factors for AD. However, the effects of these polymorphisms have not always been reproduced in case-control(More)
Down's syndrome (DS) patients develop the characteristic features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by their fourth decade, some of them exhibiting an AD-type dementia. We studied the apolipoprotein E (APOE) allele distribution in a population of 41 DS patients comprising 19.5% of demented, compared to 35 control subjects. No statistical difference was observed,(More)
Recent reports have suggested that variability in the alpha2-macroglobulin gene is a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Here we have both tested a common polymorphism in the gene (I1000V) for association with the disease in a four-site case control study design, and tested the locus for linkage in a large series of sibpairs afflicted with late(More)
A biochemical mapping of neurofibrillary degeneration was performed in Brodmann areas of the brains of five patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (AD). To quantify the degenerating process, we used an immunoblot method with antibodies directed against the abnormally phosphorylated tau proteins named Tau 55, 64 and 69, known to be early and(More)
An immunoblot study was performed in several cortical samples from non-demented aged controls and compared with those from Alzheimer patients, using antibodies against Tau 55, 64 and 69, which are specific and reliable markers of the neurofibrillary degeneration of the Alzheimer type. The immunodetection of Tau 55, 64 and 69 was positive in all cortical(More)
Possession of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele is the most frequently associated genetic susceptibility factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, new polymorphisms in the regulatory region of the APOE gene have been described. We analysed the effects of three of these mutations (-491 AT, -427 CT and Th1/E47cs) on disease risk in a large(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that inflammatory processes may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease through production of cytokines and free radicals that damage neurones. A recent study has shown that transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) signalling in astrocytes promotes Abeta production and could play a critical role in the formation(More)
This article reviews studies concerning unawareness of deficits in Alzheimer's disease. Unawareness of the deficits associated with dementia has frequently been reported in clinical descriptions of the later stages of the disease. Consistent with the literature, we shall use the expressions impaired awareness, unawareness of deficits, anosognosia, and lack(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting elderly people. It usually occurs after 65 years old (late-onset AD). The epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is a risk factor which contributes about 50% of the genetic risk for this form of the disease. The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is(More)
1. The presence of Alzheimer-type neurofibrillary pathology and amyloid deposits within the brains of 27 aged non-demented subjects was investigated by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry using antibodies directed against pathological Tau proteins 55, 64 and 69 and beta A4 respectively. 2. The abnormal Tau triplet, a biochemical marker of(More)