Bernard Frigard

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Possession of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele is the most frequently associated genetic susceptibility factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, new polymorphisms in the regulatory region of the APOE gene have been described. We analysed the effects of three of these mutations (-491 AT, -427 CT and Th1/E47cs) on disease risk in a large(More)
The epsilon4 allele of the Apolipoprotein E gene (APOE), one of the main allele of APOE polymorphism, is a major risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease. However, several data suggest that genetic factors, within the APOE locus, may also modulate the risk associated with this polymorphism. We look for new mutations in the APOE promoter,(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that inflammatory processes may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease through production of cytokines and free radicals that damage neurones. A recent study has shown that transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) signalling in astrocytes promotes Abeta production and could play a critical role in the formation(More)
To gain insight into systemic molecular events associated with an age-related neurodegenerative disorder, we compared gene expression patterns in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) sampled from elderly, healthy controls and from Parkinson's disease (PD) patients carrying the most frequently found mutation of the LRRK2 gene (G2019S). A transcriptomic(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting elderly people. It usually occurs after 65 years old (late-onset AD). The epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is a risk factor which contributes about 50% of the genetic risk for this form of the disease. The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the effects of APOE promoter polymorphisms on AD are independent of the APOE-epsilon4 allele. BACKGROUND Recently, the -491 A-->T and -219 G-->T polymorphisms located in the APOE promoter have been suggested to be risk factors for AD. However, the effects of these polymorphisms have not always been reproduced in case-control(More)
Although the varepsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene appears as an important biological marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD) susceptibility, other genetic determinants are clearly implicated in the AD process. Here, we propose that a genetic variation in the transcriptional factor LBP-1c/CP2/LSF gene, located close to the LRP locus, is a genetic(More)
A biochemical mapping of neurofibrillary degeneration was performed in Brodmann areas of the brains of five patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (AD). To quantify the degenerating process, we used an immunoblot method with antibodies directed against the abnormally phosphorylated tau proteins named Tau 55, 64 and 69, known to be early and(More)
Although possession of the epsilon 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene appears to be an important biological marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD) susceptibility, strong evidence indicates that at least one additional risk gene exists on chromosome 12. Here, we describe an association of the 3'-UTR +1073 C/T polymorphism of the OLR1 (oxidised LDL receptor(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex, multifactorial disorder, probably resulting from an interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Increasing evidence points to a link between cholesterol turnover and AD, suggesting that genes implicated in brain cholesterol homeostasis may be potential candidate genes for AD. With this background, we tested(More)