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SETTING Current treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) might be shortened by the incorporation of fluoroquinolones (FQs). OBJECTIVES A Phase II study aimed to assess the sterilising activities of three novel regimens containing FQs before a Phase III trial of a 4-month regimen containing gatifloxacin (GFX). DESIGN A total of 217 newly diagnosed(More)
Lippia javanica and Hoslundia opposita are aromatic herbs that occur all over Mozambique and are well known for their medicinal properties. A Phytochemical investigation of L. javanica led to the isolation of eight compounds, 4-ethyl-nonacosane (1), (E)-2(3)-tagetenone epoxide (2), myrcenone (3), piperitenone (4), apigenin (5), cirsimaritin (6),(More)
SETTING Community care organizations in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVES To evaluate current tuberculosis (TB) care in community health care organizations in sub-Saharan Africa, to assess their potential contribution to tuberculosis care, and to develop a model for expanded community participation in effective TB control. DESIGN Quantitative assessment of(More)
A multidisciplinary assessment, including videofluoroscopy, was carried out on 14 children with feeding difficulties associated with neurological problems. Recommendations were made on all aspects of feeding and the trunk position was changed for half of the patients. A later interview with the parents confirmed that the recommendations had been helpful.(More)
There is considerable exigency to take all necessary steps to cure tuberculosis cases and prevent further emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis. The most important of these steps is to ensure that the treatment, particularly of sputum smear-positive cases, is adequate and that patients adhere to their treatment by supervised, direct observation of(More)
The Department of Health and the Public Health Laboratory Service established the Nosocomial Infection National Surveillance Scheme in order to standardise the collection of information about infections acquired in hospital in the United Kingdom and provide national data with which hospitals could measure their own performance. The definition of superficial(More)
Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most important communicable diseases in terms of morbidity and mortality. Its control requires multi-drug therapy for at least six months, which could lead to patient non-compliance, failure of therapy and ultimately resulting in the emergence of drug resistance. Fixed dose combinations (FDCs) in TB therapy(More)
Short-course chemotherapy is highly efficacious in treating tuberculosis (TB). However, the length (>/=6 months) and complexity (three or four different drugs) of the treatment makes adherence difficult. Erratic treatment not only fails to cure patients but also creates chronically contagious cases, who may excrete drug-resistant TB bacteria. The Directly(More)
Drug-resistant (DR)-TB is the major challenge confronting the global TB control programme, necessitating treatment with second-line anti-TB drugs, often with limited therapeutic efficacy. This scenario has resulted in the inclusion of Group 5 antibiotics in various therapeutic regimens, two of which promise to impact significantly on the outcome of the(More)