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Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at risk for the development of fatty liver as a result of being overweight. Several data suggest that OSA per se could be a risk factor of liver injury; ischemic hepatitis during OSA has been reported, and OSA is an independent risk factor for insulin resistance. Therefore, we investigated liver damage and(More)
The most critically ill patients in the hospital are located in the ICU. Due to intensive individualized care and monitoring, these patients often suffer from severe sleep deprivation. The amount and continuity of sleep as well as normal sleep architecture are all affected. Moreover, by impairing protein synthesis, cell division, and cellular immunity,(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is due to pharyngeal obstructions, which can take place at the level of the soft palate. Temperature-controlled radiofrequency ablation has been introduced as being capable of reducing soft tissue volume and excessive compliance. The aim of the study was to evaluate prospectively the possible efficacy(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a surgical procedure for the treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), the procedure's indications, and its results. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective study of 10 male patients with OSAS treated by tongue base reduction with hyoepiglottoplasty (TBRHE) at the Foch Hospital (Suresnes, France) between 1994 and 1997.(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify potential risk factors for the need for an additional cold or heated humidifier in nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) circuitry. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING University hospital sleep-disorders center. PATIENTS Eighty-two consecutive patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome were followed up for(More)
The effect of a dental appliance (DA) is usually evaluated in a single mandibular position reached after several weeks and corresponding to either improvement of symptoms or intolerance to any further advancement. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of one-night evaluation of the efficacy of a DA. The study population consisted of seven(More)
In 11 spontaneously breathing patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in acute ventilatory failure, we measured the total inspiratory (WItot) and total resistive (WI + Eres) work rate of breathing, together with lung mechanics (dynamic pulmonary elastance and inspiratory and expiratory pulmonary flow resistance). All variables were(More)
In this study the GSTμ phenotype and ADH genotype at the ADH3 locus were investigated in a group of 39 alcoholic men with upper respiratory/digestive tract cancer: 21 with oropharyngeal cancer and 18 with laryngeal cancer. The results are compared with those of a control group of 37 alcoholic men without alcohol-related medical complications. Of the control(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare home unattended polysomnography (H-PSG) with polysomnography performed in a local hospital and telemonitored by a sleep laboratory (T-PSG) in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). DESIGN Randomized crossover trial. PATIENTS Ninety-nine patients with suspected OSAS who underwent H-PSG and T-PSG on 2(More)