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Leishmaniasis due to Leishmania infantum (syn. L. chagasi) infection is a zoonotic disease present mainly in Mediterranean basin, central Asia and Brazil. Besides a limited number of human cases of clinical visceral leishmaniasis, a great number of infections remains asymptomatic. In this review, the prevalence of asymptomatic carriers of L. infantum was(More)
Interleukin 6 (IL 6), IL 1 alpha, IL beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha are four cytokines induced in monocytes by lipopolysaccharide (LPS); however, it is unclear whether the mechanisms which control their production are similar. In this study, we report the effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and two other cAMP-elevating agents, dibutyryl cAMP and(More)
Apoptosisis activated during the early phase of reperfusion after liver ischemia and after liver transplantation in animals. However, the molecular basis of ischemia-induced cell death remains poorly understood. In this study we show that hepatocytes from ischemic liver lobes undergo apoptosis after reperfusion. In vivo pretreatment of rats with a specific(More)
Increased CCL5 levels are markers of an unfavourable outcome in patients with melanoma, breast, cervical, prostate, gastric or pancreatic cancer. Here, we have assessed the role played by CCL5/CCR5 interactions in the development of colon cancer. To do so, we have examined a number of human colorectal carcinoma clinical specimens and found CCL5 and its(More)
A century of publications on leishmaniasis in Alpes-Maritimes, in southern France, is here reviewed. Autochtonous human and canine leishmaniasis were first recognised in this département, which lies by the Mediterranean Sea and near the Italian border, in 1918 and 1925, respectively. The parasite responsible for the leishmaniasis, Leishmania infantum, is(More)
T cell activation requires two initial signals that first lead to the expression of interleukin 2 (IL 2) receptors and the initiation of IL 2 synthesis and then to T cell proliferation. Jurkat T lymphoma cells have been shown to be a good model for studying IL 2 synthesis because these cells also require two signals for activation. The first signal can be(More)
T lymphocytes and monocytes were exposed to microgravity and activated to produce interleukin 2 and interleukin 1, respectively. When Jurkat T cells were triggered with monoclonal antibodies directed against the CD3/T cell receptor complex in the presence of THP-1 monocytes used as accessory cells, cell-to-cell contacts took place in microgravity leading to(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize some of the molecular events stimulated in vitro in response to injury within a confluent culture of normal epidermal keratinocytes as a model to understand the mechanisms of wound healing. To this end, an original device was developed specifically designed to perform calibrated injuries of great lengths within(More)
BACKGROUND The role of lymphocytes in the specific defence against L. infantum has been well established, but the part played by polynuclear neutrophil (PN) cells in controlling visceral leishmaniasis was much less studied. In this report we examine in vivo the participation of PN in early and late phases of infection by L. infantum. RESULTS Promastigote(More)
We have demonstrated previously that microtubule depolymerization by colchicine in human monocytes induces selective production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) (Manié, S., Schmid-Alliana, A., Kubar, J., Ferrua, B., and Rossi, B. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 13675-13681). Here, we provide evidence that disruption of the microtubule structure rapidly triggers(More)