Bernard F. King

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A dynamic MR angiography technique, MR digital subtraction angiography (MR DSA), is proposed using fast acquisition, contrast enhancement, and complex subtraction. When a bolus of contrast is injected into a patient, data acquisition begins, dynamically acquiring a thick slab using a fast gradient echo sequence for 10-100 s. Similar to x-ray DSA, a mask is(More)
Data from serial renal magnetic resonance imaging of the Consortium of Radiologic Imaging Study of PKD (CRISP) autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD) population showed that cystic expansion occurs at a consistent rate per individual, although it is heterogeneous in the population, and that larger kidneys are associated with more rapid disease(More)
This study evaluates reliability of current technology for measurement of renal arterial blood flow by breath-held velocity-encoded MRI. Overall accuracy was determined by comparing MRI measurements with known flow in controlled-flow-loop phantom studies. Measurements using prospective and retrospective gating methods were compared in phantom studies with(More)
Alterations in the mechanical properties or "hardness" of tissues allow physicians to detect disease by palpation. Recently, attempts have been made to quantitate and image these tissue properties with the use of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). This technique has been validated in ex vivo specimens, including kidney, breast, and prostate. In this(More)
PURPOSE Noninvasive imaging techniques that quantify renal tissue composition are needed to more accurately ascertain prognosis and monitor disease progression in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Given the success of magnetization transfer (MT) imaging to characterize various tissue remodeling pathologies, it was tested on a murine model of autosomal(More)
PURPOSE Limited duration cytoreductive neoadjuvant hormonal therapy (NHT) is used prior to definitive radiotherapeutic management of prostate cancer to decrease prostate volume. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of NHT on prostate volume before permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB), and determine associated predictive factors. MATERIAL(More)
Stereology is a volume estimation method, typically applied to diagnostic imaging examinations in population studies where planimetry is too time-consuming (Chapman et al. Kidney Int 64:1035-1045, 2003), to obtain quantitative measurements (Nyengaard J Am Soc Nephrol 10:1100-1123, 1999, Michel and Cruz-Orive J Microsc 150:117-136, 1988) of certain(More)
A method termed "embedded fluoroscopy" for simultaneously acquiring a real-time sequence of 2D images during acquisition of a 3D image is presented. The 2D images are formed by periodically sampling the central phase encodes of the slab-select direction during the 3D acquisition. The tradeoffs in spatial and temporal resolution are quantified by two(More)
A technique is described for angiographic imaging of the renal arteries with acquisition performed over several periods of suspended respiration. The 3D Fourier transform (FT) gradient-echo angiographic sequence uses magnetization preparation and appropriately chosen delay times for background nulling and time-of-flight enhancement of the vasculature. The(More)