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The autosomal recessive form of polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is generally considered an infantile disorder with the typical presentation of greatly enlarged echogenic kidneys detected in utero or within the neonatal period, often resulting in neonatal demise. However, there is an increasing realization that survivors often thrive into adulthood with(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by progressive enlargement of cyst-filled kidneys. METHODS In a three-year study, we measured the rates of change in total kidney volume, total cyst volume, and iothalamate clearance in patients with ADPKD. Of a total of 241 patients, in 232 patients without azotemia who were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate structures involved in pelvic support using conventional and snapshot magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS We used conventional spin-echo MRI and dynamic snapshot GRASS MRI at various levels of the Valsalva maneuver to describe and quantitate the anatomy of pelvic floor relaxation and to assess anatomical changes produced by(More)
MR imaging has largely replaced CT as the technique of choice for preoperative staging of patients with soft-tissue masses. Whether MR imaging can be used to differentiate benign from malignant masses is controversial. Our experience suggests that MR imaging often can characterize soft-tissue masses accurately. To evaluate this question further, we studied(More)
Renal cell carcinoma has a propensity to extend as tumor thrombus into the renal vein and inferior vena cava (IVC). The preoperative assessment for the presence and extent of renal vein and IVC tumor thrombus is important for planning appropriate surgical resection. Imaging procedures [CT, ultrasound (US), MR, venacavography] were correlated with surgical(More)
PURPOSE We examined and defined anatomical structures relevant to radical prostatectomy using magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Before radical prostatectomy, 15 men underwent high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging studies of their pelvic floors (fast spin echo, T2 weighting of 3- to 4-mm. contiguous or overlapping slices) in axial,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the spectrum of sonographic findings, clinical implications, and pathologic correlation in patients with testicular microlithiasis (TM). MATERIALS AND METHODS The cases of 42 patients with the characteristic appearance of TM on sonograms were retrospectively evaluated for the number, pattern, and distribution of echogenic foci and for(More)
Most reports on the natural history, manifestations, and treatment of polycystic liver disease are based on the disease as it manifests in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The purpose of this study was to develop a clinical profile of isolated autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPLD) using nonaffected family(More)
A dynamic MR angiography technique, MR digital subtraction angiography (MR DSA), is proposed using fast acquisition, contrast enhancement, and complex subtraction. When a bolus of contrast is injected into a patient, data acquisition begins, dynamically acquiring a thick slab using a fast gradient echo sequence for 10-100 s. Similar to x-ray DSA, a mask is(More)