Bernard E. Bulwer

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Since its introduction into the operating room in the early 1980s, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has gained widespread use during cardiac, major vascular, and transplantation surgery, as well as in emergency and intensive care medicine. Moreover, TEE has become an invaluable diagnostic tool for the management of patients with cardiovascular disease(More)
BACKGROUND Central artery dilation and remodeling are associated with higher heart failure and cardiovascular risks. However, data regarding carotid artery diameter from hypertension to heart failure have remained elusive. We sought to investigate this issue by examining the association between carotid artery diameter and surrogates of ventricular(More)
The presence of heart failure or LV systolic dysfunction in the setting of acute myocardial infarction is associated with poor prognosis. Aldosterone is an important downstream mediator of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system which, in the post-acute myocardial infarction setting, promotes myocardial collagen deposition, myocardial fibrosis, apoptosis,(More)
Excessive visceral adiposity, hypothesized to be a key mediator in metabolic derangements, has recently been shown to exert toxic effects on cardiac structure and function. Data regarding the mechanistic link between regional adiposity, left atrial (LA) electromechanical remodeling, and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have been(More)
BACKGROUND Three dimensional (3D) echocardiography-derived measurements of myocardial deformation and twist have recently advanced as novel clinical tools. However, with the exception of left ventricular ejection fraction and mass quantifications in hypertension and heart failure populations, the prognostic value of such imaging techniques remains largely(More)
UNLABELLED Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a cardinal and complex syndrome tightly linked to several co-morbidities, and is currently emerging as a new public health problem in the elderly population. However, despite aggressive intervention, patients with HFpEF typically have a poor prognosis. Part of the reason underlying this(More)
BACKGROUND Central obesity in relation to insulin resistance is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. However, data regarding the association between pericardial and peri-aortic adiposity, a potential estimate of visceral adipose tissue burden, and pre-diabetes status remains unclear.The aim of this study was to examine whether the degree(More)
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