Bernard E. Bulwer

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Since its introduction into the operating room in the early 1980s, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has gained widespread use during cardiac, major vascular, and transplantation surgery, as well as in emergency and intensive care medicine. Moreover, TEE has become an invaluable diagnostic tool for the management of patients with cardiovascular disease(More)
The presence of heart failure or LV systolic dysfunction in the setting of acute myocardial infarction is associated with poor prognosis. Aldosterone is an important downstream mediator of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system which, in the post-acute myocardial infarction setting, promotes myocardial collagen deposition, myocardial fibrosis, apoptosis,(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of body fat distribution on left ventricular (LV) mass and geometry has been recently recognized. However, data regarding circulating inflammatory markers in relation to regional visceral fat deposits, which are metabolically active tissues that can impact cardiac structural remodeling, remain sparse. HYPOTHESIS We hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND Central artery dilation and remodeling are associated with higher heart failure and cardiovascular risks. However, data regarding carotid artery diameter from hypertension to heart failure have remained elusive. We sought to investigate this issue by examining the association between carotid artery diameter and surrogates of ventricular(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for almost 50% of all deaths in industrialized nations. As much as 70% of CVD can be prevented or delayed with dietary choices and lifestyle modifications. Western-style diets, sedentary lifestyles, and cigarette smoking are key modifiable CVD risk factors. Although CVD mortality was trending downward for almost 50(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms underlying the geometrical changes of the left ventricle during the progression to heart failure and recovery are not well defined. OBJECTIVE Here we investigate the involvement of matrixins and cardiokines in an ovine model of pressure-induced left ventricular failure (LVF). METHODS Fifteen sheep underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic valvular heart disease (RHD) remain important medical, surgical and public health concerns in many parts of the world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. However, there are no published data from Rwanda. We performed a RHD prevalence study in a randomly selected sample of Rwandan school children using the 2012(More)
INTRODUCTION Myocardial iron overload leading to congestive heart failure (HF) or arrhythmias is a recognized complication in thalassemia patients undergoing chronic blood transfusion. The relationship between myocardial iron load, subclinical systolic dysfunction, and clinical events remains less well known. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied a total of 77(More)
BACKGROUND The associations among chronic health conditions, ventricular geometric alterations or cardiac contractile mechanics in different phenotypes heart failure (HF) remain largely unexplored. METHODS We studied 438 consecutive hospitalized patients (mean age: 64.9 ± 16.6 years, 52.5% female) with or without clinical evidence of HF. We examined the(More)