Bernard Dutrillaux

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The karyotypes of more than 60 species of Primates are studied and compared, with the use of almost all existing banding techniques. There is a very close analogy of chromosome banding between the Simians studied and man. The quantitative or qualitative variations detected all involve the heterochromatin. It is very likely that all the euchromatin(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase [PARP; NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase; NAD+: poly(adenosine-diphosphate-D-ribosyl)-acceptor ADP-D-ribosyltransferase, EC 2.4.2.30] is a zinc-finger DNA-binding protein that detects specifically DNA strand breaks generated by genotoxic agents. To determine its biological function, we have inactivated both alleles by gene targeting in(More)
The statistical analysis of 95 cases of reciprocal translocations involving autosomes detected among about 10,000 patients studied with the R-banding technique gives the following information: 1. An excess of break points exists for chromosome arms 4p, 9p, 10q, 21q, and 22q and a deficiency for 1p, 2p, and 6q. Furthermore, there are relatively more break(More)
Replication times for all important chromosome bands, of both types R and Q (277 structures) are analysed. — The R-bands form a group of structures whose DNA replicates during the early S-phase, while the DNA situated in the Q-bands replicates during the late S-phase. — There may not exist overlapping between replication times of these two types of(More)
Applying the parsimony principle, i.e. that chromosomes identical in species belonging to different taxa were likely to be present in their common ancestor, the ancestral karyotype of eutherian mammals (about 100 million years old) was tentatively reconstructed. Comparing chromosome banding with all ZOO-FISH data from literature or studied by us, this(More)
Type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1) gene encodes for a member of the GTPase activating protein family and is considered to be a tumor suppressor gene. Its very high rate of de novo mutation in humans led us to study a specific feature of this gene: the presence of numerous NF1-related sequences. According to our results, the human genome contains at least 11(More)
In situ immunofluorescence detection of antibodies against 5-methylcytosine on metaphase chromosomes prepared by a new procedure allows the display of new 5-methylcytosine-rich sites as compared to previously published methods. In short-term culture lymphocytes, the immunofluorescent signals give a recurrent pattern in which four types of binding sites can(More)
In situ alterations of DNA methylation were studied between 14 d postcoitum and 4 d postpartum in Sertoli cells and germ cells from mouse testis, using anti-5-methylcytosine antibodies. Compared to cultured fibroblasts, Sertoli cells display strongly methylated juxtacentromeric heterochromatin, but hypomethylated chromatids. Germ cells always possess(More)
The R-banding of more than 1100 lymphocytes and fibroblasts from 11 patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT) showed rearrangements of chromosomes 7 and/or 14 in about 7% of the cells. Among these rearrangements, pericentric inversion of chromosome 7 was the most frequent, and the paracentric inversion of chromosome 14 not very rare. These inversions are(More)
Chromosome comparisons using in situ hybridization of all human chromosome-specific libraries on Capuchin monkey (Cebus capucinus, Cebidae, Platyrrhini) metaphases were performed with a new technique simultaneously revealing a G-banding and chromosome "painting." A complete homology between human (HSA) and C. capucinus (CCA) chromosomes was demonstrated,(More)