Bernard Duron

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In this review, the maturational changes occurring in the mammalian respiratory network from fetal to adult ages are analyzed. Most of the data presented were obtained on rodents using in vitro approaches. In gestational day 18 (E18) fetuses, this network functions but is not yet able to sustain a stable respiratory activity, and most of the neonatal(More)
Cats received unilateral or bilateral horseradish peroxidase (HRP) injections into various portions of the diaphragm. In two experiments one of the cut cervical roots of the phrenic nerve was immersed in HRP. The phrenic motoneurons located in the fifth and occasionally the fourth cervical segment send their axons, via the upper phrenic root, to pars(More)
At the rostral level of the thorax, the intercostal muscles participate both in postural and respiratory functions to a variable degree depending upon the considered muscle: external intercostal, intercartilaginous, internal intercostal, and triangularis sterni. In order to determine if these physiological properties are related to a special organization at(More)
The present study was undertaken to provide quantitative data on the myelinated fibers of the phrenic and intercostal nerves and the number of spindles in the main respiratory muscles of the cat. The myelinated component of the phrenic and intercostal nerves was studied in the cat. Histograms of sequency distributions as a function of nerve fiber diameter(More)
1. Intercostal muscles participate both in postural and respiratory functions to a variable degree dependent upon the specific interspace or muscle. In order to determine if these physiological properties are related to a special organization at the spinal cord level, we have used the retrograde transport of HRP as a tool for studying the spinal(More)
The activities of the diaphragmatic, internal intercostal and hypoglossal-innervated muscles were studied in adult decerebrate cats in response to 5-HT and related agents (8-OH-DPAT and DOI). The drugs were placed on the floor of the IVth ventricle. The mean respiratory frequency (Fi) increased (124-193% of the control value) within 3 min of the 5-HT(More)
The postnatal change of the mean frequency (F), the maximal frequency (FM) and the onset frequency (FO) of discharge of kitten phrenic motor units was studied and compared to adult values. The latency (recruitment time) and duration of discharge of phrenic units were also analyzed. In kittens less than 3 weeks old, there were relatively few early units(More)
The role of 5-HT in inducing apnoeas (a major element in sudden infant death syndrome) is controversial because while 5-HT is a respiratory depressant in vivo, it evokes respiratory analeptic effects when applied to the isolated brainstem of the newborn rat. In decerebrate newborn rats, the electrical activity of the diaphragm and that of a hypoglossally(More)