Bernard Drum

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ERG and VEP responses to counterphase checkerboard stimuli were obtained from cynomolgus monkeys with monocular glaucoma induced by laser photocoagulation of the trabecular meshwork. The glaucomatous eyes showed reductions of PERG amplitude that were directly related to the histologically defined nerve damage. VEP amplitudes were also reduced in the(More)
Hue sensations resulting from the selective stimulation of short-wavelength-sensitive (S) and middle-wavelength-sensitive (M) cones were deduced from measurements of spectral unique green and unique blue under conditions of high or low S-cone sensitivity relative to M- and long-wavelength-sensitive-cone sensitivity. Selective reduction of S-cone stimulation(More)
We designed and evaluated a new test for the detection of early glaucoma damage in 133 persons who were classified as normal, suspected of having glaucoma, or having glaucoma. The test stimulates the entire visual field with a flashing white light under dark-adapted conditions. It can be performed easily by a high proportion of subjects and is as(More)
A new perimetric pattern discrimination test was compared with conventional automated perimetry (Humphrey program 30-2 or Octopus program 32) in glaucoma patients, glaucoma suspects, and control subjects. The new test is based on the rationale that a greater percentage of retinal ganglion cells should be needed to detect a stimulus by its shape, or pattern,(More)
The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the findings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The findings,(More)
Changes in color appearance with retinal illuminance were studied by scaling the achromatic, yellow, and blue sensation components for test lights with color temperatures from 3041 to 8650 K at 4.10, 2.18, and 0.33 log Td. At 4.10 log Td two observers showed similar pure whites (4823 and 5258 K) and narrow transition zones (1502 and 969 K) from yellow to(More)