Bernard Decarli

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The hypotheses that postexercise replenishment of intramyocellular lipids (IMCL) is enhanced by endurance training and that it depends on fat intake were tested. Trained and untrained subjects exercised on a treadmill for 2 h at 50% peak oxygen consumption, reducing IMCL by 26-22%. During recovery, they were fed 55% (high fat) or 15% (low fat) lipid energy(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of health and nutrition program (NutriAlz) versus usual care on functional level in elderly people with dementia living at home, as well as on clinical practice related to nutrition and on the caregiver's burden. DESIGN Cluster randomized multi-centre study with one-year follow-up. SETTING 11 Alzheimer outpatients(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe food habits and dietary intakes of athletic and non-athletic adolescents in Switzerland. SETTING College, high schools and professional centers in the Swiss canton of Vaud. METHOD A total of 3,540 subjects aged 9-19 y answered a self-reported anonymous questionnaire to assess lifestyles, physical plus sports activity and food(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare actual food intake of elderly people in Europe and further identify food patterns, which mediate favourable or unfavourable nutrient intakes from cluster analysis of pooled data. DESIGN Cross-sectional analysis of food patterns of participants of the SENECA follow-up study (1993). SETTING Twelve traditional European towns. (More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Numerous studies have shown that dietary plant sterols (phytosterols and phytostanols) and their esters can decrease cholesterol absorption. However, few researchers have examined the effects of plant sterols on cholesterol absorption and synthesis using stable isotope tracers, instead of relying on endogenous pathway precursors.(More)
Estimation of whole-grain (WG) food intake in epidemiological and nutritional studies is normally based on general diet FFQ, which are not designed to specifically capture WG intake. To estimate WG cereal intake, we developed a forty-three-item FFQ focused on cereal product intake over the past month. We validated this questionnaire against a 3-d-weighed(More)
BACKGROUND Due to the distinct cultural and language differences that exist in Switzerland, there is little information on the dietary intake among the general Swiss population. Adequately assessing dietary intake is thus paramount if nutritional epidemiological studies are to be conducted. OBJECTIVE To assess the reproducibility and validity of a(More)
Several physical, psychological and behavioural changes may affect food habits during adolescence and have long-term consequences on adult health status. Also, as food habits are related to lifestyle and physical activity, all should be assessed together. This paper describes a self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed to assess(More)
A number of dietary components and drugs are known to inhibit the absorption of dietary and biliary cholesterol, but at the same time can compensate by increasing cholesterol synthesis. It is, therefore, necessary to have a convenient and accurate method to assess both parameters simultaneously. Hence, we validated such a method in humans using on-line gas(More)
Whole body protein turnover and energy expenditure before and during an oral glucose tolerance test (1 g/kg body wt) were studied on separate occasions in six healthy young men before and during 3 days of simulated microgravity using the 6 degrees head-down tilt (HDT) method. After 42-47 h of HDT, basal insulin concentrations increased significantly from(More)