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Elements that excise and integrate, such as prophages, and transfer by conjugation, such as plasmids, have been found in various bacteria. These elements appear to have a diversified set of characteristics including cell-to-cell contact using pili or cell aggregation, transfer of single-stranded or double-stranded DNA, low or high specificity of integration(More)
Comparative analysis of the Streptomyces chromosome sequences, between Streptomyces coelicolor, Streptomyces avermitilis, and Streptomyces ambofaciens ATCC23877 (whose partial sequence is released in this study), revealed a highly compartmentalized genetic organization of their genome. Indeed, despite the presence of specific genomic islands, the central(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus is a major dairy starter used for the manufacture of yoghurt and cheese. The access to three genome sequences, comparative genomics and multilocus sequencing analyses suggests that this species recently emerged and is still undergoing a process of regressive evolution towards a specialised bacterium for growth in milk. Notably, S.(More)
The chromosomal structures of mutant strains of Streptomyces ambofaciens which have arisen from genetic instability were investigated by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and probing with sequences cloned from the unstable region which maps near the ends of the linear chromosomal DNA. The chromosomal structures of seven mutant strains harboring large(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus bacteria are used as a starter in the fermentation of yogurts and many cheeses. To construct mutants of S. thermophilus CNRZ368, the use of the plasmid pGh9:ISS1 was considered. This plasmid is known to be a good tool for insertional mutagenesis in gram-positive bacteria, owing to its ability to integrate in the genome by a(More)
Chromosomal DNA of nine strains of the Lactobacillus acidophilus (Hansen and Mocquot) group in which heterogeneity had previously been revealed by biochemical characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization studies were further investigated by restriction analysis, Southern hybridization, conventional and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analyses.(More)
A 32.5kb variable locus of the Streptococcus thermophilus CNRZ368 chromosome, the eps locus, contains 25 ORF and seven insertion sequences (IS). The putative products of 17 ORF are related to proteins involved in the synthesis of polysaccharides in various bacteria. The two distal regions and a small central region of the eps locus are constant and present(More)
Four highly amplified DNA sequences (ADS) ranging from 5.8 to 24.8 kb were found in spontaneous mutant strains of Streptomyces ambofaciens DSM 40697. Restriction patterns of total DNA were hybridized with purified ADS6 (24.8 kb) as a probe to detect the amplifiable regions in the wild-type (WT) genome. The results suggested that the amplifiable unit of DNA(More)
The three restriction endonucleases SfiI, BssHII, and SmaI were found to generate fragments with suitable size distributions for mapping the genome of Streptococcus thermophilus A054. A total of 5, 8, and 24 fragments were produced with SfiI, BssHII, and SmaI, respectively. An average genome size of 1,824 kb was determined by summing the total fragment(More)
The nucleotide composition of the internally transcribed sequences (ITSs) of the six rDNA operons of two strains of Streptomyces ambofaciens were determined. Four variable and five conserved nucleotide blocks were distinguished. Five different modular organizations were revealed for each strain and no homologous loci showed the same succession of blocks.(More)