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Iodide oxidation and binding to proteins require a thyroperoxidase and an ill defined H2O2-generating system. The NADP+ supply and, thus, NADPH oxidation are the limiting steps of the pentose phosphate pathway. The purpose of this work was to test the hypothesis that H2O2 generation is a limiting step of iodination and NADPH oxidation and, therefore, of the(More)
Carbachol, through a muscarinic receptor, thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), bradykinin, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) increased the apparent [Ca2+]i (intracellular free Ca2(+)-concentration) of dog thyrocytes in primary culture. The [Ca2+]i measured by the Quin-2 technique rose immediately after the addition of the(More)
Duox1 and Duox2 proteins are particular members of the NADPH oxidase (Nox) family and were first characterized as the thyroid NADPH oxidases. These proteins are responsible for the hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) production necessary for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Although mutations in the Duox2 gene have been discovered in hypothyroid patients with(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are considered as one of the primary causes of cancer but their induction by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is still controversial. In this work, we studied whether the high levels of H(2)O(2) produced in the thyroid to oxidize iodide could induce DNA modifications. Scores of DNA damage, in terms of strand breaks, were obtained(More)
We studied gene expression profiles in two mouse models of human thyroid carcinoma: the Tg-RET/PTC3 (RP3) and Tg-E7 mice. RP3 fusion gene is the most frequent mutation found in the first wave post-Chernobyl papillary thyroid cancers (PTCs). E7 is an oncoprotein derived from the human papillomavirus 16 responsible for most cervical carcinoma in women. Both(More)
The regulation of thyroid metabolism by iodide involves numerous inhibitory effects. However, in unstimulated dog thyroid slices, a small inconstant stimulatory effect of iodide on H(2)O(2) generation is observed. The only other stimulatory effect reported with iodide is on [1-(14)C]glucose oxidation, i.e., on the pentose phosphate pathway. Because we have(More)
In the thyroid, H(2)O(2) is produced at the apical pole of thyrocytes by one or two NADPH oxidases (NOX), Duox1/2 proteins. The onset of Duox expression was analysed by immunohistochemistry in the developing mouse thyroid in parallel with thyroglobulin (Tg) iodination and the expression of other thyroid differentiation markers. Duox proteins were found at(More)
Pregnant rats were submitted to a selenium-deficient diet immediately after mating; it was continued for 4 weeks after delivery. The pups were sacrificed at 3 and 4 weeks of age. Perchlorate, an antithyroid agent inhibiting iodide trapping in the thyroid, was administered via the drinking water to half of the rats. Rats submitted to a normal laboratory diet(More)