Bernard Corvilain

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CONTEXT The long-lived thyroid cell generates, for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, important amounts of H2O2 that are toxic in other cell types. This review analyzes the protection mechanisms of the cell and the pathological consequences of disorders of this system. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION The literature on H2O2 generation and disposal, thyroid hormone(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are considered as one of the primary causes of cancer but their induction by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is still controversial. In this work, we studied whether the high levels of H(2)O(2) produced in the thyroid to oxidize iodide could induce DNA modifications. Scores of DNA damage, in terms of strand breaks, were obtained(More)
The regulation of thyroid metabolism by iodide involves numerous inhibitory effects. However, in unstimulated dog thyroid slices, a small inconstant stimulatory effect of iodide on H(2)O(2) generation is observed. The only other stimulatory effect reported with iodide is on [1-(14)C]glucose oxidation, i.e., on the pentose phosphate pathway. Because we have(More)
Carbachol, through a muscarinic receptor, thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), bradykinin, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) increased the apparent [Ca2+]i (intracellular free Ca2(+)-concentration) of dog thyrocytes in primary culture. The [Ca2+]i measured by the Quin-2 technique rose immediately after the addition of the(More)
Pregnant rats were submitted to a selenium-deficient diet immediately after mating; it was continued for 4 weeks after delivery. The pups were sacrificed at 3 and 4 weeks of age. Perchlorate, an antithyroid agent inhibiting iodide trapping in the thyroid, was administered via the drinking water to half of the rats. Rats submitted to a normal laboratory diet(More)
Dual oxidases were initially identified as NADPH oxidases producing H(2)O(2) necessary for thyroid hormone biosynthesis. The crucial role of Duox2 has been demonstrated in patients suffering from partial iodide organification defect caused by bi-allelic mutations in the DUOX2 gene. However, the Duox1 function in thyroid remains elusive. We optimized a(More)
OBJECTIVE The pre-operative technique most routinely used to localize pathological parathyroid glands (PPG), prior to minimal access surgery (MAS), relies on 99mTc-sestamibi (MIBI) scintigraphy. Positron emission tomography (PET) using the radiolabelled amino acid 11C-methionine as the tracer agent offers a technological alternative to localize PPG. In this(More)
Iodide oxidation and binding to proteins require a thyroperoxidase and an ill defined H2O2-generating system. The NADP+ supply and, thus, NADPH oxidation are the limiting steps of the pentose phosphate pathway. The purpose of this work was to test the hypothesis that H2O2 generation is a limiting step of iodination and NADPH oxidation and, therefore, of the(More)
In the thyroid, H(2)O(2) is produced at the apical pole of thyrocytes by one or two NADPH oxidases (NOX), Duox1/2 proteins. The onset of Duox expression was analysed by immunohistochemistry in the developing mouse thyroid in parallel with thyroglobulin (Tg) iodination and the expression of other thyroid differentiation markers. Duox proteins were found at(More)
Several hypotheses concerning consequences of selenium deficiency on iodine metabolism can be proposed on the basis of experimental studies in rats and from epidemiological and experimental studies in humans. By decreasing intracellular GSH peroxidase activity, selenium deficiency may increase hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) supply and lead over several weeks to(More)