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We have conducted a trial to randomly assess the efficacy and tolerance of intravenous immunoglobulin (i.v.Ig) or plasma exchange (PE) in myasthenia gravis (MG) exacerbation and to compare two doses of i.v.Ig. Eighty-seven patients with MG exacerbation were randomized to receive either three PE (n = 41), or i.v.Ig (n = 46) 0.4 gm/kg daily further allocated(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory failure is the most serious short-term complication of Guillain-Barré syndrome and can require invasive mechanical ventilation in 20-30% of patients. We sought to identify clinical and electrophysiological predictors of respiratory failure in the disease. METHODS We prospectively assessed electrophysiological data and clinical(More)
Productive varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) was demonstrated in 11 acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization. A characteristic zoster skin eruption was seen in only four cases. From our own series and 11 other cases in the literature, we identified five(More)
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an inflammatory disorder that may implicate proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha in its pathogenesis. We determined serum levels of TNF-alpha and the specific antagonists sTNF-Rs p55 and p75 in 24 patients with GBS at days 1, 15 and 30 of hospitalization. Patients were in the progression phase of the disease at day 1,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether diaphragmatic function can be determined by noninvasive respiratory indices in neuromuscular disease. DESIGN Vital capacity (VC) and mouth pressure generated during a maximal static inspiratory effort (Pi max) were measured with patients in both sitting and supine positions. SETTING Rehabilitation hospital. PATIENTS(More)
IMPORTANCE Despite advances in care, mortality and morbidity remain high in adults with acute bacterial meningitis, particularly when due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. Induced hypothermia is beneficial in other conditions with global cerebral hypoxia. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that induced hypothermia improves outcome in patients with severe(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal dose of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in acute exacerbation of myasthenia gravis remains unknown. Increasing the treatment duration might provide added efficacy. OBJECTIVE To determine the optimal dose of IVIG for treating myasthenia gravis exacerbation. DESIGN Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multicenter trial(More)
The hypothesis that, in neuromuscular and chest wall diseases, improvement in central respiratory drive explains the effects of night-time ventilation on diurnal gas exchanges was tested. The effects at 6 months, 1, 2 and 3 yrs of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) on arterial blood gas tension, pulmonary function, muscle strength, sleep(More)
Autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) showed promising results for the treatment of primary severe autoimmune diseases (ADs). In this context, development of secondary AD after HSCT has exceptionally been observed, further questioning the roles of patient propensity for AD and of the HSCT procedure. Herein, we report new onset of(More)