Bernard Clair

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BACKGROUND Respiratory failure is the most serious short-term complication of Guillain-Barré syndrome and can require invasive mechanical ventilation in 20-30% of patients. We sought to identify clinical and electrophysiological predictors of respiratory failure in the disease. METHODS We prospectively assessed electrophysiological data and clinical(More)
We have conducted a trial to randomly assess the efficacy and tolerance of intravenous immunoglobulin (i.v.Ig) or plasma exchange (PE) in myasthenia gravis (MG) exacerbation and to compare two doses of i.v.Ig. Eighty-seven patients with MG exacerbation were randomized to receive either three PE (n = 41), or i.v.Ig (n = 46) 0.4 gm/kg daily further allocated(More)
A subset of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients develop persistent CD8 hyperlymphocytosis and a Sjogren's syndrome-like syndrome associated with multivisceral CD8 T-cell infiltration, known as the diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome (DILS). Patients with DILS tend to have higher CD4 cell counts, fewer opportunistic infections, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Pseudomonas aeruginosa nosocomial pneumonia (Pa-NP) is associated with considerable morbidity, prolonged hospitalization, increased costs, and mortality. METHODS We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult patients with Pa-NP to determine 1) risk factors for multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains and 2) whether MDR increases the risk for(More)
We reviewed the records of 44 patients with AIDS who had 45 episodes of severePenumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). While 9 patients required intubation and mechanical ventilation (MV) on admission, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) by face mask was the initial measure in 36 episodes. There were 25 patients managed with CPAP alone, 23 of whom(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate, in patients with severe sepsis, the correlation between central venous oxygen saturation and tissue oxygen saturation at different levels. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING General intensive care unit at an academic medical center in France. PATIENTS Thirty-eight patients with underresuscitated(More)
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an inflammatory disorder that may implicate proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha in its pathogenesis. We determined serum levels of TNF-alpha and the specific antagonists sTNF-Rs p55 and p75 in 24 patients with GBS at days 1, 15 and 30 of hospitalization. Patients were in the progression phase of the disease at day 1,(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal dose of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in acute exacerbation of myasthenia gravis remains unknown. Increasing the treatment duration might provide added efficacy. OBJECTIVE To determine the optimal dose of IVIG for treating myasthenia gravis exacerbation. DESIGN Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multicenter trial(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate the possible implication of the immunosuppressive cytokine transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1) in the pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a disorder that may implicate cytokines in its pathogenesis. TGF-beta1 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine occasionally shown to be regulated in the(More)
Tuberculosis has now been well documented as a complication of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but no studies concern patients requiring admission to the ICU. We report 12 cases of severe disseminated tuberculosis in patients who were seropositive for HIV. Eight patients had diffuse pulmonary involvement responsible for acute respiratory(More)