Bernard Carcy

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We have sequenced the genome of the emerging human pathogen Babesia microti and compared it with that of other protozoa. B. microti has the smallest nuclear genome among all Apicomplexan parasites sequenced to date with three chromosomes encoding ∼3500 polypeptides, several of which are species specific. Genome-wide phylogenetic analyses indicate that B.(More)
The aims of this study were to determine the presence of Babesia spp. in blood samples from Italian dogs with clinical signs compatible with tick-borne diseases by means of PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and describe the clinicopathological findings of dogs with Babesia infection. We evaluated the majority of canine babesiosis cases by(More)
The parasites Babesia canis and Babesia gibsoni (phylum Apicomplexa) are responsible for canine babesiosis throughout the world. Babesia canis was previously described as a group of three biologically different subspecies, namely B. canis canis, B. canis vogeli, and B. canis rossi. We report partial sequences of small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (ssu-rDNA)(More)
Babesia divergens was cultivated in RPMI 1640 (25 mM HEPES) supplemented with 10% human serum (RPMI-10% HS) with a high percentage of parasitized erythrocytes (PPE) (> or = 40%). Standardization of in vitro tests, purification of exoantigens, biochemical studies and the safety of the culture handler motivated the development of a serum-free defined medium.(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of intact chromosomes from 2 isolates of each of the 2 most pathogenic species of large Babesia parasites that infect dogs, i.e. Babesia canis (European species) and B. rossi (South African species), revealed 5 chromosomes in their haploid genome. The size of chromosomes 1-5 was found to be different in the 2 species,(More)
Babesia rossi, an intraerythrocytic protozoan, causes a severe, often life-threatening disease of domestic dogs. Dogs treated early for B. rossi infection usually recover from the disease, but dogs left untreated or treated at a later stage of infection seldom survive. Dogs infected with B. rossi have varied clinical manifestations that can be categorized(More)
Using antisera (alpha-R and alpha-C7Ag) directed against the conserved Gly-Gly-Met-Pro-epitope of the hsp70 family, a single antigen was identified in the human Babesia divergens Rouen 1987 isolate by Western immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation experiments. This B divergens hsp70 is highly conserved as shown by the analysis of five other geographical B(More)
The Bd37gene encoding for a glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol anchored protein of Babesia divergens displays genetic polymorphisms among isolates. Five major polymorphic groups (clades) were shown by PCR-RFLP among different B. divergens isolates. Each group has been characterized according to a reference Bd37 gene (Rouen87, W8843, Y5, 6303E and 1705B).(More)
To study the antigens secreted by promastigote and amastigote forms of Leishmania infantum which are able to induce a humoral response in human patients and dogs, we have carried out immunoprecipitation assays with different supernatants of in vitro cultured parasites, metabolically labelled with [35S]methionine, using serum samples from human patients and(More)
The immunoprotective potential of Babesia divergens antigens released in supernatants of in vitro cultures of the parasite is generally known. Among a number of parasite molecules, a 37 kDa protein has been found in the supernatants of Babesia divergens cultures. In this report the cloning and biochemical characterization of this protein, called Bd37, are(More)