Bernard Calas

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Insulin, IGF-1 or EGF induce membrane ruffling through their respective tyrosine kinase receptors. To elucidate the molecular link between receptor activation and membrane ruffling, we microinjected phosphorylated peptides containing YMXM motifs or a mutant 85 kDa subunit of phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase (delta p85) which lacks a binding site for the(More)
Protegrin 1 (PG-1) is a naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptide that is 18 residues long, has an aminated carboxy terminus and contains two disulphide bridges. Here, we investigated the antimicrobial activity of PG-1 and three linear analogues. Then, the membrane permeabilisation induced by these peptides was studied upon Xenopus laevis oocytes(More)
Doxorubicin delivery to the brain is often restricted because of the poor transport of this therapeutic molecule through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). To overcome this problem, we have recently developed a technology, Pep:trans, based on short natural-derived peptides that are able to cross efficiently the BBB without compromising its integrity. In this(More)
MGD-1 is a 39-residue defensin-like peptide isolated from the edible Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis. This peptide is characterized by the presence of four disulfide bonds. We report here its solid-phase synthesis and an easy way to improve the yield of the four native disulfide bonds. Synthetic and native MGD-1 display similar antibacterial(More)
Protegrins are members of a family of five Cys-rich naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptides. The NMR solution structure of protegrin-1 (PG-1) has been previously determined as a monomeric beta-hairpin both in water and in dimethylsulfoxide solution. Protegrins are bactericidal peptides but their mechanism of action is still unknown. In order to(More)
We have studied the expression of the human SRY protein (termed p27SRY) in two different cell lines by using specific antibodies. Confocal microscopy enabled us to localize p27SRY precisely in the nucleus in a discrete punctuate pattern. Furthermore, through microinjection experiments, we have demonstrated that the localization of the p27SRY protein into(More)
The sequence of human urotensin II (UII) has been recently established as H-Glu-Thr-Pro-Asp-Cys-Phe-Trp-Lys-Tyr-Cys-Val-OH, and it has been reported that UII is the most potent mammalian vasoconstrictor peptide identified so far. A series of UII analogues was synthesized, and the contractile activity of each compound was studied in vitro using(More)
We have previously reported that astroglial cell lines derived from spontaneously immortalized mouse cerebellar cultures as well as primary astrocyte cultures express the mRNA of the alpha isoform of smooth muscle actin. In this report, we have used an antiserum specific for the alpha smooth muscle actin protein to investigate the presence and the pattern(More)
Protegrins are members of a family of five Cys-rich, cationic antimicrobial peptides recently isolated from porcine cells. We have synthesised an 18-amino-acid peptide that corresponds to protegrin-1. After Cys oxidation, the peptide has bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, similar to that described for the natural(More)
The binding of Ca2+ and Mg2+ to four calmodulins (SynCaM 1, SynCaM 8, SynCaM 12A, and SynCaM 18A) has been studied by ESI-MS. The mass spectra were recorded by dissolving the apoproteins in methanol/water (20/80, v/v) containing 1 mM CaCl2 or 1 mM MgCl2 and the pH adjusted to 6.0 with ammonia. The carrier solvent was methanol/water (20/80, v/v). In the case(More)