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We have studied the expression of the human SRY protein (termed p27SRY) in two different cell lines by using specific antibodies. Confocal microscopy enabled us to localize p27SRY precisely in the nucleus in a discrete punctuate pattern. Furthermore, through microinjection experiments, we have demonstrated that the localization of the p27SRY protein into(More)
Protegrin 1 (PG-1) is a naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptide that is 18 residues long, has an aminated carboxy terminus and contains two disulphide bridges. Here, we investigated the antimicrobial activity of PG-1 and three linear analogues. Then, the membrane permeabilisation induced by these peptides was studied upon Xenopus laevis oocytes(More)
The binding of Ca2+ and Mg2+ to four calmodulins (SynCaM 1, SynCaM 8, SynCaM 12A, and SynCaM 18A) has been studied by ESI-MS. The mass spectra were recorded by dissolving the apoproteins in methanol/water (20/80, v/v) containing 1 mM CaCl2 or 1 mM MgCl2 and the pH adjusted to 6.0 with ammonia. The carrier solvent was methanol/water (20/80, v/v). In the case(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) is a calcium binding protein that regulates a wide range of enzymes. Recently the structures of a number of complexes between CaM and synthetic target peptides have been determined. The peptides correspond to the CaM-binding domain of skeletal and smooth muscle myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II(More)
The precise location of the regulatory F-actin- and calmodulin-binding sites in the COOH-terminal sequence Trp659-Pro756 of gizzard caldesmon was investigated by subjecting the corresponding 10-kDa CNBr fragment, characterized earlier (Bartegi, A., Fattoum, A., Derancourt, J., and Kassab, R. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 15231-15238), to limited chymotryptic(More)
Protegrins are members of a family of five Cys-rich naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptides. The NMR solution structure of protegrin-1 (PG-1) has been previously determined as a monomeric beta-hairpin both in water and in dimethylsulfoxide solution. Protegrins are bactericidal peptides but their mechanism of action is still unknown. In order to(More)
Insulin, IGF-1 or EGF induce membrane ruffling through their respective tyrosine kinase receptors. To elucidate the molecular link between receptor activation and membrane ruffling, we microinjected phosphorylated peptides containing YMXM motifs or a mutant 85 kDa subunit of phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase (delta p85) which lacks a binding site for the(More)
Earlier, we proposed that the interaction of gizzard calponin with F-actin, promoting the inhibition of the actomyosin ATPase activity, involves the NH2-terminal portion of the calponin segment Ala145-Tyr182 (Mezgueldi, M., Fattoum, A., Derancourt, J., and Kassab, R. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15943-15951). In this work, we have directly probed this region(More)
Protegrins are members of a family of five Cys-rich, cationic antimicrobial peptides recently isolated from porcine cells. We have synthesised an 18-amino-acid peptide that corresponds to protegrin-1. After Cys oxidation, the peptide has bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, similar to that described for the natural(More)
Doxorubicin delivery to the brain is often restricted because of the poor transport of this therapeutic molecule through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). To overcome this problem, we have recently developed a technology, Pep:trans, based on short natural-derived peptides that are able to cross efficiently the BBB without compromising its integrity. In this(More)