Bernard C Rossier

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The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel constitutes the rate-limiting step for sodium reabsorption in epithelial cells that line the distal part of the renal tubule, the distal colon, the duct of several exocrine glands, and the lung. The activity of this channel is upregulated by vasopressin and aldosterone, hormones involved in the maintenance(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR), the gene product that is mutated in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, has a well-recognized function as a cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-regulated chloride channel, but this property does not account for the abnormally high basal rate and cAMP sensitivity of sodium ion absorption in CF airway(More)
The epithelial amiloride-sensitive sodium channel constitutes the rate limiting step for sodium reabsorbtion by the epithelial lining the distal part of the kidney tubule, the urinary bladder and the distal colon. Reabsorbtion of sodium through this channel, which is regulated by hormones such as aldosterone and vasopressin, is one of the essential(More)
Autosomal recessive pseudohypoaldosteronism type I is a rare life-threatening disease characterized by severe neonatal salt wasting, hyperkalaemia, metabolic acidosis, and unresponsiveness to mineralocorticoid hormones. Investigation of affected offspring of consanguineous union reveals mutations in either the α or β subunits of the amiloride-sensitive(More)
Sodium balance, and ultimately blood pressure and extracellular fluid volume, is maintained by precise regulation of the activity of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). In a Xenopus kidney epithelial cell line (A6), exposure of the apical membrane to the protease inhibitor aprotinin reduces transepithelial sodium transport. Sodium-channel activity can be(More)
The epithelial amiloride-sensitive sodium channel (ENaC) controls transepithelial Na+ movement in Na(+)-transporting epithelia and is associated with Liddle syndrome, an autosomal dominant form of salt-sensitive hypertension. Detailed analysis of ENaC channel properties and the functional consequences of mutations causing Liddle syndrome has been, so far,(More)
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is a key element for the maintenance of sodium balance and the regulation of blood pressure. Three homologous ENaC subunits (alpha, beta and gamma) assemble to form a highly Na+-selective channel. However, the subunit stoichiometry of ENaC has not yet been solved. Quantitative analysis of cell surface expression of ENaC(More)
The organization of Na(+) and Ca(2+) transport pathways along the mouse distal nephron is incompletely known. We revealed by immunohistochemistry a set of Ca(2+) and Na(+) transport proteins along the mouse distal convolution. The thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) characterized the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). The amiloride-sensitive(More)
Amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels play an important role in transducing Na+ salt taste. Previous studies revealed that in rodent taste cells, the channel shares electrophysiological and pharmacological properties with the epithelial Na+ channel, ENaC. Using subunit-specific antibodies directed against alpha, beta, and gamma subunits of rat ENaC (rENaC), we(More)
The final control of sodium balance takes place in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) of the nephron, where corticosteroid hormones regulate sodium reabsorption by acting through mineralocorticoid (MR) and/or glucocorticoid (GR) receptors. A clone of principal CCD cells (mpkCCDc14) has been established that is derived from a transgenic mouse (SV40 large T(More)