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We used Gaussian blurred lines of same- and opposite-polarity to measure the effects of blur on 3-line spatial interval discrimination (bisection). The results of our experiments can be summarized as follows. Spatial interval discrimination (3-line bisection) thresholds are proportional to the separation of the lines (i.e. Weber's law). At the optimal(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether the characteristics of the oculomotor system are related to the development of late-onset myopia. METHODS Forty-four college students were followed for 2 to 3 years. When recruited, 33 of the 44 subjects had emmetropia whereas the remainder (N = 11) had late-onset myopia (LOM). For each subject, dark-focus, dark-vergence,(More)
When luminance is lowered, both vergence and accommodation tend to shift toward different and individually characteristic resting postures, commonly referred to as dark-vergence and dark-focus. In order to determine the luminance level at which these two mechanisms correspond to a target distance, subjects viewed a light spot 0.4 mm in diameter,(More)
BACKGROUND Adaptation models of the horizontal disparity vergence system assume a nonadaptable transient component. They also predict identical postadaptation dynamics during convergence and divergence movements. METHOD To test the adaptation property of the transient component, a set of experiments were performed in which closed-loop vergence dynamics(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the differences in accommodative function between subjects with emmetropia and those with late-onset myopia (LOM). METHODS This study suggests a modified model of static accommodation, in which an accommodative sensory gain as a linear operator is added to simulate the sensory part of the system. Results derived from the model show(More)
We present a neural network model of short-term dynamics of the human horizontal vergence system (HVS) and compare its predictions qualitatively and quantitatively with a large variety of horizontal disparity vergence data. The model consists of seven functional stages, namely: (1) computation of instantaneous disparity; (2) generation of a disparity map;(More)
PURPOSE Prolonged near work is considered to be an environmental factor leading to the development of late-onset myopia. Accommodation may be the specific mechanism underlying the association between near work and late-onset myopia. To determine whether late-onset myopes have abnormal accommodation, we compared accommodative static responses and dynamic(More)
Based on the dual-interactive feedback model, dark focus and dark vergence designate a point on a line describing the response AC/A ratio. In order to verify the relationship between dark focus and dark vergence, we predicted the dark vergence from the measured dark focus when the measurements were based on the response-based calculated and gradient AC/A(More)