Bernard Binétruy

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Recent advances indicate a link between tumour promoters, transformation, and AP-1 activity. Protein kinase C activation increases AP-1 DNA-binding activity independently of new protein synthesis. AP-1 is also stimulated by transforming oncoproteins and growth factors. These proteins are thought to participate in a signalling cascade affecting the nuclear(More)
Hyperplasia of adipose tissue is critical for the development of obesity, but molecular mechanisms governing normal or pathological recruitment of new adipocytes remain unclear. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway plays a pivotal role in many essential cellular functions, such as proliferation and differentiation. Using ERK1(-/-) mice,(More)
The ERK, p38 and JNK mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are intracellular signalling pathways that play a pivotal role in many essential cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation. MAPKs are activated by a large variety of stimuli and one of their major functions is to connect cell surface receptors to transcription factors in the(More)
In resting cells, c-Jun is phosphorylated on five sites. Three of these sites reside next to its DNA binding domain and negatively regulate DNA binding. In response to expression of oncogenic Ha-Ras, phosphorylation of these sites decreases, while phosphorylation of two other sites within c-Jun's activation domain is greatly enhanced. Phosphorylation of(More)
The Jun gene family encode components of the AP-1 transcription factor complex that regulate a variety of TRE-containing target promoters. Expression of family members is induced by a wide variety of extracellular stimuli and thought to be important in mediating cellular proliferation and differentiation. We have localized cis-acting DNA sequences in the(More)
The ERK, p38MAPK, JNK mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are intracellular signaling pathways that play a pivotal role in many essential cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation. These cascades are activated by a large variety of stimuli and display a high degree of homology. So far, seven MAPK isoforms have been invalidated in(More)
Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells can be differentiated, in vitro into a variety of cell types including cardiac cells and neurons. This process is strictly controlled by the potent morphogen retinoic acid (RA). At a concentration of 10(-7) M, RA induces ES cell differentiation into neurons and, conversely, inhibits cardiomyogenesis. We found that p38(More)
Ha-Ras augments c-Jun-mediated transactivation by potentiating the activity of the c-Jun activation domain. Ha-Ras also causes a corresponding increase in phosphorylation of specific sites in that part of the c-Jun protein. A Ha-Ras-induced protein kinase cascade resulting in hyperphosphorylation of the c-Jun activation domain could explain how these(More)
Formation of new adipocytes from precursor cells contributes to adipose tissue expansion and obesity. In this study, we asked whether p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway regulates normal and pathological adipogenesis. In both dietary and genetically (ob/ob) obese mice, adipose tissues displayed a marked decrease in p38MAPK activity compared(More)
Thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) is known for its significant anti-angiogenic properties. In a previous study, we have shown that transient or stable overexpression of the transcription factor c-Jun, in rat fibroblasts, leads to repression of TSP1. We now demonstrate that the c-Jun-induced repression of TSP1 does not occur directly and does not require binding of(More)