Bernard Bel

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An application of formal languages to the representation of musical processes is introduced. Initial interest was the structure of improvisation in North Indian tabla drum music, for which experiments have been conducted in the field as far back as 1983 with an expert system called the Bol Processor, BP1. The computer was used to generate and analyze(More)
In experimental research into percussion ‘languages’, an interactive computer system, the Bol Processor, has been developed by the authors to analyse the performances of expert musicians and generate its own musical items that were assessed for quality and accuracy by the informants. The problem of transferring knowledge from a human expert to a machine in(More)
In the early mid-1980s, we developed a computer system called the Bol Processor (i.e. “BP”) to help us examine improvisatory methods used by North Indian tabla drummers (Kippen & Bel 1992). Designed for the portable Apple IIc, the rule-based BP1 was able to analyse musical input (in the form of tabla bols, or onomatopoeic syllables) as well as generate new(More)
Experimental studies of reading and spontaneous speech analysis have brought into light the role of tonal patterns (an aspect of speech prosody) in conveying rhetoric aspects of verbal communication hitherto overlooked by classical linguistic analysis. Speakers tend to rely on tonal patterns — basically excursions of the fundamental pitch “F0” — to make(More)
Categories or Limited Scope Formulae? Stephanie<lb>Solt1, John Stewart1, Virginia Valian2<lb>CUNY Graduate<lb>Center1, Hunter College & CUNY Graduate Center2 Where do functional syntactic categories come from? At least two answers are current in the literature: a) they develop from innate<lb>syntactic features; b) they develop from local,(More)