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Genetic and epigenetic alterations have been identified that lead to transcriptional deregulation in cancers. Genetic mechanisms may affect single genes or regions containing several neighboring genes, as has been shown for DNA copy number changes. It was recently reported that epigenetic suppression of gene expression can also extend to a whole region;(More)
The prognostic value of oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) was estimated through a multicentric study of 2257 operable breast cancer patients followed up for a median of 8.5 years. None of the patients had received adjuvant therapy. The series included 33.3% stage I patients, 57.1% stage II, 5.7% stage IIIa and 2.4% stage IIIb. At the(More)
Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) used to detect minor changes in specific mRNA concentrations may be associated with poor reproducibility. Stringent quality control is therefore essential at each step of the protocol, including the PCR procedure. We performed inter-laboratory quality control of quantitative PCR between(More)
Whether or not young age at diagnosis is an adverse prognostic factor in breast cancer has long been controversial, in part because much previous work has not taken due account of menopausal status and confounding factors. We have analysed the influence of age on prognosis in a consecutive series of 1703 patients with stage I-III breast cancer. All were(More)
PURPOSE Incurable metastases develop in approximately 50% of patients with uveal melanoma (UM). The purpose of this study was to analyze genomic profiles in a large series of ocular tumors and liver metastases and design a genome-based classifier for metastatic risk assessment. METHODS A series of 86 UM tumors and 66 liver metastases were analyzed by(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway activation has been suggested to negatively influence response to anti-HER2 therapy in breast cancer patients. The present study focused on mutations of the PIK3CA gene, encoding one of the two PI3K subunits. METHODS PIK3CA mutations were assessed by direct sequencing in 80 HER2-positive patients(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of predictive markers of response to treatment is a major objective in breast cancer. A major problem in clinical sampling is the variability of RNA templates, requiring accurate management of tumour material and subsequent analyses for future translation in clinical practice. Our aim was to establish the feasibility and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of pentoxifylline, a US Food and Drug Administration-approved drug, in patients with ALS treated with riluzole. METHODS The authors conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Four hundred patients with probable or definite ALS and vital capacity less than 100% were randomly(More)
Treatment for non-metastatic breast cancer (BC) may be the cause of second malignancies in long-term survivors. Our aim was to investigate whether survivors present a higher risk of malignancy than the general population according to treatment received. We analysed data for 16 705 BC survivors treated at the Curie Institute (1981-1997) by either(More)
Axillary dissection in early breast cancer remains controversial because of its substantial side-effects and because its value with respect to recurrence or survival has not been unequivocally proven. Between 1982 and 1987, 658 patients were included in a prospective randomised comparison of lumpectomy alone with lumpectomy plus axillary dissection. All(More)