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BACKGROUND Recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is resistant to most therapeutic endeavors, with low response rates and survival rarely exceeding six months. There are no clearly established chemotherapeutic regimens and the aim of treatment is palliation with improvement in the quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS We report an open-label,(More)
BACKGROUND Angiomyolipomas are slow-growing tumours associated with constitutive activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and are common in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex and sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis. The insidious growth of these tumours predisposes patients to serious complications including retroperitoneal haemorrhage and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To investigate the prevalence of subependymal giant cell ependymomas (SEGA) in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). METHODS We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study in a cohort of 285 patients with known TSC. Institutional review board approval was obtained. We included all 214 TSC-patients who had received a(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the response rate and factors correlated with response of oligodendroglial tumors to procarbazine, lomustine (CCNU), and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy. DESIGN Retrospective, observational multicenter study. METHODS Patients treated with PCV or intensified PCV chemotherapy for a recurrent oligodendroglial tumor after surgery and(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), associations between tuber number, infantile spasms, and cognitive impairment have been proposed. We hypothesized that the tuber/brain proportion (TBP), the proportion of the total brain volume occupied by tubers, would be a better determinant of seizures and cognitive function than the number of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to systematically analyze the associations between different TSC1 and TSC2 mutations and the neurologic and cognitive phenotype in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). METHODS Mutation analysis was performed in 58 patients with TSC. Epilepsy variables, including EEG, were classified. A cognition index was(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) have been implicated in tumorigenesis of gliomas. Patients with high-grade astrocytomas with IDH1 or IDH2 mutations were reported to have a better survival, but it is unknown if this improved survival also holds for low-grade astrocytoma and whether these mutations predict outcome to(More)
Only a few studies examined the effect of temozolomide (TMZ) in recurrent low-grade astrocytoma (LGA) after surgery, none of which included a homogeneous and sufficiently sized group of patients with progression after radiotherapy (RT). We evaluated a cohort of 58 patients treated with TMZ for progression after RT of a previous LGA and investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND There is accumulating evidence from preclinical studies that circulating endothelial cells (CECs) play an important role in neovascularization and tumor growth. The role of CECs in human cancer progression is sparsely investigated. We therefore analyzed CECs in peripheral blood of cancer patients. In addition, we correlated CEC levels in these(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study is to evaluate the toxicity of holmium-166 poly(L-lactic acid) microspheres administered into the hepatic artery in pigs. METHODS Healthy pigs (20-30 kg) were injected into the hepatic artery with holmium-165-loaded microspheres ((165)HoMS; n=5) or with holmium-166-loaded microspheres ((166)HoMS; n=13). The microspheres'(More)