Bernand M. Mechler

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Tumor suppressor genes act as recessive determinants of cancer. In Drosophila these genes play a role in normal development and are essential for regulating cell growth and differentiation. Mutations in the gene, lethal(2)giant larvae, l(2)gl, besides causing malignant tumors in the brain and imaginal discs, generate developmental defects in a number of(More)
Inactivation of the Drosophila lethal(2)giant larvae (l(2)gl) gene causes malignant tumors in the brain and the imaginal discs and produces developmental abnormalities in other tissues, including the germline, the ring gland and the salivary glands. Our investigations into the l(2)gl function have revealed that the gene product, or p127 protein, acts as a(More)
By complementation of a salt-sensitive mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we cloned the SOP1 gene, encoding a 114.5-kDa protein of 1033 amino acids. Cells deleted for SOP1 exhibited sensitivity to sodium stress, but showed no sensitivity to general osmotic stress. Following exposure of sop1Delta cells to NaCl stress, the intracellular Na+ level and the(More)
Recessive mutations at the lethal(2)giant larvae (l(2)gl) locus of Drosophila melanogaster cause a complex syndrome, which has as its most striking features the development of malignant neuroblastomas in the larval brain and tumors of the imaginal discs. A chromosomal segment containing the l(2)gl gene has been cloned. Within this segment a transcription(More)
Down-regulation of the Drosophila ribosomal protein S21 gene (rpS21) causes a dominant weak Minute phenotype and recessively produces massive hyperplasia of the hematopoietic organs and moderate overgrowth of the imaginal discs during larval development. Here, we show that the S21 protein (RpS21) is bound to native 40S ribosomal subunits in a salt-labile(More)
TFIID is a multiprotein complex composed of the TATA binding protein (TBP) and TBP-associated factors (TAF(II)s). The binding of TFIID to the promoter is the first step of RNA polymerase II preinitiation complex assembly on protein-coding genes. Yeast (y) and human (h) TFIID complexes contain 10 to 13 TAF(II)s. Biochemical studies suggested that the(More)
A recessive semi-lethal mutation resulting from the insertion of a P-lacW transposon at the cytological position 23A on the polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster was found to affect the unfolding and expansion of the wings resulting in a loss of venation and a marked decrease in their size. Lethality was polyphasic with numerous animals dying(More)
The p127 tumour suppressor protein encoded by the lethal(2)giant larvae, [l(2)gl], gene of Drosophila melanogaster is a component of a cytoskeletal network distributed in both the cytoplasm and on the inner face of the plasma membrane. The p127 protein forms high molecular mass complexes consisting mainly of homo-oligomerized p127 molecules and at least ten(More)
We have previously cloned lethal(2)giant larvae, a tumor-suppressor gene of Drosophila that normally controls cell proliferation and/or differentiation in the optic centers of the brain and the imaginal discs. Here we describe the structure of the l(2)gl genes as determined by sequencing genomic and cDNA clones. The structure of the cDNAs indicates the use(More)