Bernadette Shaw

Learn More
Growth-hormone release-inhibiting hormone (G.H.-R.I.H.) inhibited gastric acid and pepsin secretion in response to pentagastrin and food stimulation in cats. This effect is mediated by a direct action on the parietal and peptic cells. No evidence of a post-inhibitory acid or pepsin secretory rebound was obtained. Thus a compound of hypothalamic origin can(More)
A correlative light and electron microscopic investigation was undertaken to determine the morphology and distribution of catecholamine (CA)-containing axon terminals in the hypoglossal nucleus (XII) of the rat. This was accomplished immunocytochemically with antibody to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). The major findings in this study were the following: 1)(More)
CL115,347 (Cyanamid International) is a stable transdermally absorbed prostaglandin E2 analogue said to have an antiplatelet vasodilatory effect. In a trial of this drug in Raynaud's phenomenon 15 patients were given 1 mg CL115,347/day transdermally for 6 weeks and 14 were given a placebo. The treated group had fewer and shorter spasm attacks and better(More)
The gastric exocrine inhibitory activities of somatostatin-28 (SS-28) and somatostatin-14 (SS-14) were determined in conscious cats prepared with gastric fistulae. Gastric acid and pepsin secretions were stimulated with pentagastrin. Expressed in terms of exogenous doses, SS-14 (ID50: 1.49 nmol . kg-1 . h-1) was 3.4 times more potent than SS-28 (ID50: 5.12(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) and the long-lasting inhibition (LLI) of cerebellar Purkinje cells which are produced by stimulation around the dorsal pontine nucleus locus coeruleus (LC). No strong correlation was found between the dorsal pontine sites which produced LLI and those(More)
BACKGROUND Though rehabilitation attempts to correct "stiff knee gait" and control for dynamic limb valgus after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), impaired biomechanics often persist when an individual is cleared to return to sport (RTS). Reduced knee extension moments (KEMs) and knee flexion angles (KFAs) often continue. While at the hip,(More)
The inhibitory activities of somatostatin and PGE2 against pentagastrin-stimulated gastric acid and pepsin secretions were investigated, with and without pretreatment with the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin, in conscious cats prepared with gastric fistulae. Somatostatin was a potent inhibitor of acid secretion in both vagus intact and vagotomized(More)
The gastric inhibitory activity of cyclic hexa- and pentapeptide analogues of somatostatin was investigated in conscious cats with gastric fistulae. Gastric acid and pepsin secretions were stimulated by pentagastrin. Cyclo(Phe-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr-Phe) showed no inhibition of acid secretion at molar doses up to 50-times the ID50 for somatostatin. This peptide(More)
The gastric exocrine inhibitory activities of neurotensin were characterized in conscious cats prepared with gastric fistulae. Neurotensin was a potent inhibitor of pentagastrin-stimulated pepsin secretion (ID50, approx. 0.3 mumol . kg-1 . h-1) but was approximately 60 times less potent against acid secretion. Neurotensin did not significantly reduce(More)