On September 6, 2000, two cases of equine encephalitis caused by West Nile (WN) virus were reported in southern France (Hérault Province), near Camargue National Park, where a WN outbreak occurred in 1962. Through November 30, 76 cases were laboratory confirmed among 131 equines with neurologic disorders. The last confirmed case was on November 3, 2000. All… (More)
During late summer and autumn 2000, a West Nile fever outbreak in southern France resulted in 76 equine clinical cases; 21 horses died. We report the results of a large serosurvey of all equines within a 10-km radius of laboratory-confirmed cases. Blood samples were obtained from 5,107 equines, distributed in groups of 1 to 91 animals. West Nile virus… (More)
BACKGROUND Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a highly lethal condition for which no specific treatment has proven efficacy. In September 2014, while the Ebola outbreak was at its peak, the World Health Organization released a short list of drugs suitable for EVD research. Favipiravir, an antiviral developed for the treatment of severe influenza, was one of… (More)
The mechanisms were investigated of haematopoietic progenitor growth inhibition, observed after in vitro infection of cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMNC) by a clinical isolate of dengue 3 (29-56DSS). The level of virus replication was not different when CBMNC were inoculated with 29-56DSS compared with a prototype strain of dengue 3 (H-87) which had no… (More)
To the Editor: In New South Wales, Australia, physicians are obliged to report to public health authorities instances of foodborne illness in two or more cases related to a common source. This reporting of cases on a clinical basis complements laboratory-based surveillance of foodborne illness and is an essential form of surveillance in situations in which… (More)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001967.].