Bernadette Lucas

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Protection in the murine model of Helicobacter pylori infection may be mediated by CD4+ T cells, but the mechanism remains unclear. To better understand how protection occurs in this model, we generated and characterized H. pylori urease-specific CD4+ T cells from BALB/c mice immunized with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium expressing H. pylori urease(More)
Enteroviruses (EVs) have been connected to type 1 diabetes in various studies. The current study evaluates the association between specific EV subtypes and type 1 diabetes by measuring type-specific antibodies against the group B coxsackieviruses (CVBs), which have been linked to diabetes in previous surveys. Altogether, 249 children with newly diagnosed(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterial pathogen associated with gastritis, peptic ulceration, and gastric carcinoma. The bacteria express a strong urease activity which is known to be essential for colonization of gnotobiotic pigs and nude mice. UreA and UreB, two structural subunits of the active enzyme, were expressed in the attenuated(More)
It has been previously shown that antibodies contained in human plasma directed towards the Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4)E2 capsid protein VP4 can enhance the CVB4E2-induced production of IFN-alpha by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The aim of this study was to produce a VP4 fusion protein to investigate the role of the internal capsid protein VP4 and(More)
Previously we described a recombinant attenuated Salmonella typhimurium aroA strain (SL3261[pYZ97]) with constitutive expression of plasmid encoded Helicobacter pylori urease subunits A and B (UreAB). Single dose oral vaccination effectively induced prophylactic immunity against bacterial challenge in BALB/c mice. Here we successfully extended this approach(More)
Development of a vaccine against H. pylori is regarded as desirable alternative to the current antibiotic therapy regimens. Mice immunized with an attenuated recombinant Salmonella typhimurium expressing H. pylori urease subunits A&B have dramatically reduced bacterial loads after a single dose. The mechanism(s) of protection against this largely(More)
The capsid protein VP4 was identified previously as the target of antibodies contained in plasma enhancing the coxscakievirus B4 (CV-B4) E2-induced production of IFN-alpha by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The sequence of VP4 recognized by these antibodies was investigated. This sequence was identified as amino acids 11 to 30 by using synthetic(More)
The spreading of viral RNA within Swiss Albino mice orally inoculated with coxsackievirus B4 E2 strain (CVB4 E2) was studied by using RT-PCR and semi-nested-RT-PCR methods. Viral RNA was detected in various organs: pancreas, heart, small intestine, spleen, thymus, and blood at various postinfectious (p.i.) times ranging from 8 hr to 150 days. Our results(More)
This review emphasizes the need to improve the knowledge of the biology of H5N1 virus, a candidate for causing the next influenza pandemic. In-depth knowledge of mode of infection, mechanisms of pathogenesis and immune response will help in devising an efficient and practical control strategy against this flu virus. We have discussed limitations of(More)