Earth is no stranger to volcanism. Since proto-Earth and crustal formation, volcanoes have provided pathways for degassing and cooling of our planet's interior. Volcanism played an important role in the formation of the early atmosphere , oceans and continents, and was likely a necessary component for the development of life. Throughout our species brief… (More)
At the turn of the 20th century, technical writers in the United States were mostly engineers who both developed technology and wrote about it. During World War II, however, some engineers seeking to increase the efficiency of technology development separated their engineering from their communication tasks. This trend opened up a new occupation for… (More)
Sixty years ago most computer scientists worked in a vacuum, unaware of the projects their peers around the U.S. were exploring. Sharing research was key to furthering the field, most agreed, but what vehicle could best serve as a conduit for communication?
Edmund Berkeley established himself as an influential force in the early development of computer science. The article examines Berkeley's work with symbolic logic and explores how this knowledge shaped his ideas about early electronic computers. It further explores how Berkeley applied symbolic logic and human reasoning to the design of relay computers,… (More)
This study focuses on the work of three mathematicians who collaborated on post-World War II projects. Specifically, the article examines connections between science policy debates and how practices of early computer developers were affected. Debate topics included ownership of technologies developed in private industry and at universities with public… (More)
This paper explores how technical writing participates in estimates of value, based on its historical roots in mining and metallurgy going back to T. A. Rickard's first technical writing textbook published in 1908. The paper extends this exploration to include influences on Rickard's understanding of technical writing's social function, such as classical… (More)