Learn More
Widespread use of ivermectin (IVM) as part of the Onchocerciasis Control Program (OCP) in West Africa could influence the evolution of the human filarial parasite Onchocerca volvulus. Use of IVM, in some areas for 15 years, may have restricted genetic diversity of O. volvulus, resembling effects attributed to a population bottleneck. Large population-based(More)
Ivermectin (IVM) is the only safe drug for mass-treatment of onchocerciasis. IVM resistance has been reported in gastrointestinal nematode parasites of animals. A reduction in response to IVM in Onchocerca volvulus could have significant consequences for the onchocerciasis control programs. We have found evidence that, in O. volvulus, repeated IVM treatment(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters comprise a large paralogous protein family and several confer drug resistance. Ivermectin (IVM) is the only drug approved for treatment of onchocerciasis and is a substrate for some ABC transporters. Furthermore, there is accumulating evidence that IVM selects on some ABC transporter genes in Onchocerca volvulus and(More)
Our objective was to determine if the resistance mechanism to moxidectin (MOX) is similar of that to ivermectin (IVM) and involves P-glycoproteins (PGPs). Several Caenorhabditis elegans strains were used: an IVM and MOX sensitive strain, 13 PGP deletion strains and the IVM-R strain which shows synthetic resistance to IVM (by creation of three point(More)
A complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding a glucose transporter of Clonorchis sinensis (CsGLUT) was isolated from the adult C. sinensis cDNA library. The open reading frame of CsGLUT cDNA consists of 1653 base pairs that encode a 550-amino acid residue protein. Hydropathy analysis suggested that CsGLUT possess 12 putative membrane-spanning domains. The Northern(More)
  • 1