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Tract-tracing and electrophysiology studies have revealed that major inputs to the nucleus locus coeruleus (LC) are found in two structures, the nucleus paragigantocellularis (PGi) and the perifascicular area of the nucleus prepositus hypoglossi (PrH), both located in the rostral medulla. Minor afferents to LC were found in the dorsal cap of the(More)
Dopamine is involved in motivation, memory, and reward processing. However, it is not clear whether the activity of dopamine neurons is related or not to vigilance states. Using unit recordings in unanesthetized head restrained rats we measured the firing pattern of dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area across the sleep-wake cycle. We found these(More)
Recent anatomical and physiological experiments indicate that the nucleus locus coeruleus receives a predominant excitatory amino acid input, as well as a substantial inhibitory input, from the nucleus paragigantocellularis in the ventrolateral medulla. To determine whether C1 adrenergic neurons are involved in the inhibitory projection, the effects of the(More)
Since there was no study available on the comparative anatomical neurochemistry of the noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) containing neurons of the lower brain stem, we studied the distribution of the activities of the three major catecholamines (CA)-synthesizing enzymes in coronal sections of the rat medulla oblongata dissected into microcubes. In the(More)
The pallido-subthalamic pathway powerfully controls the output of the basal ganglia circuitry and has been implicated in movement disorders observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). To investigate the normal functioning of this pathway across the sleep-wake cycle, single-unit activities of subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus (GP) neurons were(More)
Three weeks after unilateral electrolytic lesion of the longitudinal axon bundle in the medulla oblongata of the rat, we observed a decrease in the number of phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT)-immunoreactive (IR) nerve fibers in virtually all the regions of the diencephalon ipsilaterally to the lesion, especially in the dorsomedial nucleus and(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate a putative modulation of rat 5-HT system by the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine using in-vivo electrophysiological and behavioural techniques. In the dorsal raphe nucleus, administration of atropine (1 mg/kg i.v.) prevented the suppressant effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor paroxetine(More)
Using retrograde transport of Fluoro-Gold (FG) combined with immunofluorescence for phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT), we have examined afferents to the nucleus locus coeruleus (LC) from the rostral ventrolateral medulla (nucleus paragigantocellularis; PGi) in rats sustaining lesions of the medullary adrenergic bundle (MB). In lesioned rats,(More)
Our study was devoted to determine in freely moving rats whether the increase in tissue concentration of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) elicited by a single administration of RU 24722 could modify the catecholaminergic reactivity of neuronal processes present in the rostrolateral part of the pericerulean area (r-lPCA) in response to tail pinch. Catecholaminergic(More)
Movement disorders in Parkinson disease, notably dampened during sleep, are associated with hyperactivity of the subthalamic nucleus (STN), whose origin is controversial. We have studied, on non-anaesthetized head-restrained rats, the STN spontaneous unit activity and the one of its principal GABAergic afferents, the globus pallidus (GP). In normal rats,(More)