Bernadette Allinquant

Learn More
The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a type I transmembrane protein of unknown physiological function. Its soluble secreted form (sAPP) shows similarities with growth factors and increases the in vitro proliferation of embryonic neural stem cells. As neurogenesis is an ongoing process in the adult mammalian brain, we have investigated a role for sAPP in(More)
Accumulation and deposition of beta-amyloid peptide, a major constituent in neuritic plaques are hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and AD-related neurodegenerative diseases. beta-Amyloid (Abeta) is derived from the proteolytic cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP), a transmembrane protein present in three major isoforms in brain comprising 695,(More)
When overexpressed, a short cytoplasmic domain of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), normally unmasked in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients, activates caspase-3 and induces neuronal death. Death induction by this "Jcasp" domain is lost when tyrosine 653 is changed into an aspartate, suggesting specific interactions with unknown partners. To(More)
In cortical neurons differentiating in vitro, transmembrane amyloid precursor protein (APP) is distributed in two pools. Whereas the first pool is present in all cell compartments, the second pool is highly enriched in the axon and cell body. In an earlier study we demonstrated that this second pool, referred to as axonal-APP (Ax-APP), is present in the(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP), associated with Alzheimer's disease plaques, is known to be present in synapses of the brain and in the adult neuromuscular junction (NMJ). In the present study we examined protein and gene expression of APP during the development of mouse skeletal muscle. Using immunocytochemical approaches, we found that APP is first(More)
Normal and jimpy oligodendrocytes in secondary cultures were transfected with plasmids containing the SV40 T-antigen gene expressed under the control of the mouse metallothionein-I promoter. Two immortalized stable cell lines, a normal (158N) and jimpy (158JP) cell line, expressed transcripts and proteins of oligodendrocyte markers, including proteolipid(More)
BACKGROUND sAPPα released after α secretase cleavage of Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) has several functions including the stimulation of neurite outgrowth although detailed morphometric analysis has not been done. Two domains involved in this function have been described and are present in sAPPβ released at the first step of amyloid peptide cleavage,(More)
The function of the beta-amyloid protein precursor (betaAPP), a transmembrane molecule involved in Alzheimer pathologies, is poorly understood. We recently reported the presence of a fraction of betaAPP in cholesterol and sphingoglycolipid-enriched microdomains (CSEM), a caveolae-like compartment specialized in signal transduction. To investigate whether(More)
Embryonic cortical neurons in culture contain transmembrane amyloid precursor protein (APP) capable of associating with the detergent-insoluble cytoskeleton through interactions requiring the presence of its C-terminal. These transmembrane APPs are not detectable at the surface of living cells. When neurons are fixed with paraformaldehyde alone, APP is(More)
Amyloid peptide (Aβ) is derived from the cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP), which also generates the soluble peptide APPβ (sAPPβ). An antagonist and major APP metabolic pathway involves cleavage by alpha secretase, which releases sAPPα. Although soluble Aβ oligomers are neurotoxic, Aβ monomers share similar properties with sAPPα. These include(More)