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Extracellular pH (pH(e)) is lower in many tumors than in the corresponding normal tissue. The significance of acidic pH(e) in the development of metastatic disease was investigated in the present work. Human melanoma cells (A-07, D-12, and T-22) were cultured in vitro at pH(e) 6.8 or 7.4 (control) before being inoculated into the tail vein of BALB/c nu/nu(More)
Clinical studies have shown that metastatic spread is associated with hypoxia in the primary tumor. The mechanism behind this association has not been identified and, in fact, it has not been established whether hypoxia induces metastasis or whether the most metastatic cell phenotypes develop the most hypoxic tumors. The present study demonstrates that(More)
PURPOSE Most tumors develop regions with hypoxic cells during growth, owing to permanent limitations in oxygen diffusion (chronic or diffusion-limited hypoxia) and/or transient limitations in blood perfusion (acute or fluctuating hypoxia). The aim of this study was to investigate the relative significance of chronic and acute hypoxia in the development of(More)
Cancer patients with recurrent local disease after radiation therapy have increased probability of developing regional and distant metastases. The mechanisms behind this observation were studied in the present work by using D-12 and R-18 human melanoma xenografts growing in preirradiated beds in BALB/c-nu/nu mice as preclinical models of recurrent primary(More)
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a potent antiangiogenic factor that has been shown to inhibit tumor growth by preventing endothelial cells from responding to a wide variety of angiogenic stimulators. We have demonstrated previously that D-12 primary tumors (human melanoma xenografts) suppress the growth of their spontaneous pulmonary micrometastases by(More)
PURPOSE The interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) of the primary tumor is an independent prognostic parameter for cervical cancer patients treated with radiation therapy. The aim of this preclinical study was to investigate whether tumor radiocurability may be associated with IFP through hypoxia-independent mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Small A-07 and R-18(More)
A noninvasive method for assessment of the extent of hypoxia in experimental and human tumors is highly needed. In this study, the potential usefulness of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) was investigated, using gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) as contrast agent and A-07 human melanoma xenografts as tumor model. DCE-MRI was(More)
Clinical studies have shown that metastatic spread is associated with hypoxia in the primary tumor. The mechanism behind this association has not been identified and, in fact, it has not been established whether hypoxia induces metastasis or whether the most metastatic cell phenotypes develop the most hypoxic tumors. The present study demonstrates that(More)
Patients with highly hypoxic primary tumors show increased frequency of locoregional treatment failure and poor survival rates and may benefit from particularly aggressive treatment. The potential of gadolinium diethylene-triamine penta-acetic acid-based dynamic contrast-enhanced-MRI in assessing tumor hypoxia was investigated in this preclinical study.(More)
Tumors develop an abnormal microenvironment during growth, and similar to the metastatic phenotype, the metabolic phenotype of cancer cells is tightly linked to characteristics of the tumor microenvironment (TME). In this study, we explored relationships between metabolic profile, metastatic propensity, and hypoxia in experimental tumors in an attempt to(More)