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Extracellular pH (pH(e)) is lower in many tumors than in the corresponding normal tissue. The significance of acidic pH(e) in the development of metastatic disease was investigated in the present work. Human melanoma cells (A-07, D-12, and T-22) were cultured in vitro at pH(e) 6.8 or 7.4 (control) before being inoculated into the tail vein of BALB/c nu/nu(More)
Patients with highly hypoxic primary tumors show increased frequency of locoregional treatment failure and poor survival rates and may benefit from particularly aggressive treatment. The potential of gadolinium diethylene-triamine penta-acetic acid-based dynamic contrast-enhanced-MRI in assessing tumor hypoxia was investigated in this preclinical study.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has been suggested to be a useful method for detecting tumor hypoxia. In this study, we investigated whether DCE-MRI can differentiate between hypoxic and non-hypoxic experimental tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three tumor models with hypoxic tissue and three tumor models(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Studies of intradermal melanoma xenografts have suggested that dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) may be a useful method for assessing the extent of hypoxia in tumors. Because the microvascular network of tumors is influenced significantly by the site of growth, we challenged this possibility in the present(More)
Clinical studies have shown that metastatic spread is associated with hypoxia in the primary tumor. The mechanism behind this association has not been identified and, in fact, it has not been established whether hypoxia induces metastasis or whether the most metastatic cell phenotypes develop the most hypoxic tumors. The present study demonstrates that(More)
Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) is elevated in many experimental and human tumors, and high IFP is associated with poor prognosis in human cancer. The significance of elevated IFP in the development of metastatic disease was investigated in the present work by using A-07 human melanoma xenografts as models of cancer in humans. IFP was measured with the(More)
Clinical studies have shown that patients with highly hypoxic primary tumors may have poor disease-free and overall survival rates. Studies of experimental tumors have revealed that acutely hypoxic cells may be more metastatic than normoxic or chronically hypoxic cells. In the present work, causal relations between acute cyclic hypoxia and metastasis were(More)
PURPOSE Most tumors develop regions with hypoxic cells during growth, owing to permanent limitations in oxygen diffusion (chronic or diffusion-limited hypoxia) and/or transient limitations in blood perfusion (acute or fluctuating hypoxia). The aim of this study was to investigate the relative significance of chronic and acute hypoxia in the development of(More)
PURPOSE The interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) of the primary tumor is an independent prognostic parameter for cervical cancer patients treated with radiation therapy. The aim of this preclinical study was to investigate whether tumor radiocurability may be associated with IFP through hypoxia-independent mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Small A-07 and R-18(More)
Cancer patients with recurrent local disease after radiation therapy have increased probability of developing regional and distant metastases. The mechanisms behind this observation were studied in the present work by using D-12 and R-18 human melanoma xenografts growing in preirradiated beds in BALB/c-nu/nu mice as preclinical models of recurrent primary(More)