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CONTEXT The effect of GH therapy in short non-GH-deficient children, especially those with idiopathic short stature (ISS), has not been clearly established owing to the lack of controlled trials continuing until final height (FH). OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the effect on growth to FH of two GH doses given to short children, mainly(More)
The growth response to GH treatment varies between children. Besides regulating longitudinal growth, GH exerts important metabolic effects, including lipolysis. In this study we examined whether GH-induced changes in serum levels of the adipose tissue-derived hormone leptin can be used as a marker for the long term growth response to GH treatment in short(More)
AIM Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a rare disorder of myelopoiesis characterized by neutropenia, recurrent bacterial infections and a maturation arrest of the myelopoiesis in the bone marrow. Homozygous mutations in the HAX1 gene were described in patients with autosomal recessive SCN or Kostmann disease. Some of these patients display neurological(More)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between the 1-yr (n = 193) and 2-yr (n = 128) growth response and the individual serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) before and during GH treatment. Our study group of prepubertal short children had from very low to high GH secretory(More)
CONTEXT Weight-based GH dosing results in a wide variation in growth response in children with GH deficiency (GHD) or idiopathic short stature (ISS). OBJECTIVE The hypothesis tested was whether individualized GH doses, based on variation in GH responsiveness estimated by a prediction model, reduced variability in growth response around a set height target(More)
The aim of the study was to develop and validate models that could predict the growth responses to GH therapy of individual children. Models for prediction of the initial one and 2-y growth response were constructed from a cohort of 269 prepubertal children (Model group) with isolated GH deficiency or idiopathic short stature, using a nonlinear multivariate(More)
OBJECTIVE Nutritional status is an important determinant of growth, and previous studies have indicated that this is due, at least in part, to an increased target-tissue sensitivity to GH. An attractive candidate for mediating this effect is leptin, a hormone secreted by the adipose tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate if there was a connection(More)
The spontaneous growth process in Turner's syndrome is characterized by a progressive decline in height velocity during childhood and no pubertal growth spurt. Therefore, therapy aimed at improving height during childhood as well as increasing final height is desirable for most girls with Turner's syndrome. Forty-five girls with Turner's syndrome, 9-16 yr(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of coeliac disease in children and adolescents with Turner syndrome. Eighty-seven children and adolescents with Turner syndrome were screened for IgA-antiendomysium antibodies (EMA) and IgA-antigliadin antibodies (AGA), 5% (4/87) being found to be EMA-positive, and 15% (13/87) to have AGA levels above(More)
BACKGROUND Mathematical models can be used to predict individual growth responses to growth hormone (GH) therapy. The aim of this study was to construct and validate high-precision models to predict the growth response to GH treatment of short children, independent of their GH status, birth size and gestational age. As the GH doses are included, these(More)