Berenice Bilharinho de Mendonça

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Deficient activities of multiple steroidogenic enzymes have been reported without and with Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS), but mutations of corresponding cytochrome P450 enzymes have not been found. We identified mutations in POR, encoding P450 oxidoreductase, the obligate electron donor for these enzymes, in a woman with amenorrhea and three children with(More)
Defects in pituitary gland organogenesis are sometimes associated with congenital anomalies that affect head development. Lesions in transcription factors and signaling pathways explain some of these developmental syndromes. Basic research studies, including the characterization of genetically engineered mice, provide a mechanistic framework for(More)
Defects in the conversion of androstenedione to testosterone in the fetal testes by the enzyme 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta-HSD) give rise to genetic males with female external genitalia. We have used expression cloning to isolate cDNAs encoding a microsomal 17 beta-HSD type 3 isozyme that shares 23% sequence identity with other 17 beta-HSD(More)
CONTEXT Loss-of-function mutations in makorin ring finger 3 (MKRN3), an imprinted gene located on the long arm of chromosome 15, have been recognized recently as a cause of familial central precocious puberty (CPP) in humans. MKRN3 has a potential inhibitory effect on GnRH secretion. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to investigate potential MKRN3(More)
BACKGROUND Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) is a key determinant of endocrine development and function of adrenal cortex. SF-1 overexpression and gene amplification were previously demonstrated in a small group of pediatric adrenocortical tumors. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the frequency of SF-1 protein expression and gene amplification in a(More)
Precocious puberty is defined as the development of secondary sexual characteristics before the age of 8 years in girls and 9 years in boys. Gonadotropin-dependent precocious puberty (GDPP) results from the premature activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and mimics the physiological pubertal development, although at an inadequate(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the result of surgery for adrenal neoplasia with thrombus in the supra-diaphragmatic infra-atrial inferior vena cava. PATIENTS AND METHODS Five patients with adrenal cortex carcinoma and three with phaeochromocytoma were reviewed. All the thrombi were removed through a right thoracophrenolaparotomy in the fifth intercostal space, with(More)
Gonadotropin-dependent, or central, precocious puberty is caused by early maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In girls, this condition is most often idiopathic. Recently, a G protein-coupled receptor, GPR54, and its ligand, kisspeptin, were described as an excitatory neuroregulator system for the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing(More)
Mutations of the p53 tumor suppressor gene are the single most common genetic alterations in human cancers. Recently, a distinct nucleotide substitution was identified in exon 10 of the p53 gene, leading to an Arg337His mutation in 97% of children with adrenocortical tumors from Southern Brazil. In the present study, we investigated the presence of this(More)
Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) is an orphan nuclear receptor that plays key roles in endocrine development and function. Knockout mice lacking SF-1 have adrenal and gonadal agenesis, impaired gonadotropin expression, and structural abnormalities of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus. Previous studies have identified three human subjects with mutations in(More)