Berenice Bilharinho Mendonca

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Dihydrotestosterone is a potent androgen metabolite formed from testosterone by action of 5α-reductase isoenzymes. Mutations in the type 2 isoenzyme cause a disorder of 46,XY sex development, termed 5α-reductase type 2 deficiency and that was described forty years ago. Many mutations in the encoding gene have been reported in different ethnic groups. In(More)
Despite the increasing understanding of female reproduction, the molecular diagnosis of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is seldom obtained. The RNA-binding protein NANOS3 poses as an interesting candidate gene for POI since members of the Nanos family have an evolutionarily conserved function in germ cell development and maintenance by repressing(More)
The paired-like homeobox gene expressed in embryonic stem cells Hesx1/HESX1 encodes a developmental repressor and is expressed in early development in a region fated to form the forebrain, with subsequent localization to Rathke's pouch, the primordium of the anterior pituitary gland. Mutations within the gene have been associated with septo-optic dysplasia,(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene (WT1) encodes a zinc-finger transcription factor involved in the development of the kidneys and gonads and their subsequent normal function. Mutations in the WT1 gene were identified in patients with WAGR (Wilms' tumor, aniridria, genitourinary abnormalities, and mental retardation), Denys-Drash syndrome, and Frasier syndrome (FS).(More)
CONTEXT FGFR1 mutations cause isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) with or without olfactory abnormalities, Kallmann syndrome, and normosmic IHH respectively. Recently, missense mutations in FGF8, a key ligand for fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1 in the ontogenesis of GnRH, were identified in IHH patients, thus establishing FGF8 as a novel(More)
OBJECTIVE Non-pituitary tumors have been reported in a subset of patients harboring germline mutations in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene. However, no detailed investigations of non-pituitary tumors of AIP-mutated patients have been reported so far. PATIENTS We examined a MEN1- and p53-negative mother-daughter pair with(More)
BACKGROUND CAH patients have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and it remains unknown if lifelong glucocorticoid (GC) treatment is a contributing factor. In the general population, glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1) polymorphisms are associated with an adverse metabolic profile. Our aim was to analyze the association between the NR3C1(More)
Background: Malignant neoplasia of the adrenal cortex is usually associated with very poor prognosis. When adrenocortical neoplasms are diagnosed in the early stages, distinction between carcinoma and adenoma can be very difficult to accomplish, since there is yet no reliable marker to predict tumor recurrence or dissemination. GATA transcription factors(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms involved in the genesis of the adrenocortical lesions seen in MEN1 syndrome (ACL-MEN1) remain poorly understood; loss of heterozygosity at 11q13 and somatic mutations of MEN1 are not usually found in these lesions. Thus, additional genes must be involved in MEN1 adrenocortical disorders. Overexpression of the(More)
GH receptor (GHR) has been reported to express in both normal rat and human adrenals. However, no study examined GHR expression in diseased human adrenal cortex. We quantitated, with RT-PCR, GHR messenger RNA (mRNA) in both normal and diseased human adrenal cortex with the following results: GHR mRNA levels in four histologically normal, not(More)