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Human CD8+ memory- and effector-type T cells are poorly defined. We show here that, next to a naive compartment, two discrete primed subpopulations can be found within the circulating human CD8+ T cell subset. First, CD45RA-CD45R0(+) cells are reminiscent of memory-type T cells in that they express elevated levels of CD95 (Fas) and the integrin family(More)
The alphaEbeta7 integrin CD103 may direct lymphocytes to its ligand E-cadherin. CD103 is expressed on T cells in lung and gut and on allograft-infiltrating T cells. Moreover, recent studies have documented expression of CD103 on CD4+ regulatory T cells. Approximately 4% of circulating CD8+ T cells bear the CD103 molecule. In this study, we show that the(More)
Activation of unprimed CD4+CD45RA+/RO- T cells results in a gradual loss of CD45RA expression concomitant with the acquisition of CD45RO. It has been suggested that this conversion occurs in vivo through a CD45RAbright/RObright stage. Next to this small CD45RAbright/RObright subset (Dbright), a larger subpopulation that expresses both RA and RO isoforms at(More)
To study the receptors involved in the interaction between extracellular matrix proteins and hematopoietic progenitor cells, we analyzed the expression of beta 1 integrins on CD34+ bone marrow cells by means of immunoflowcytometry. Alpha 4 beta 1 and alpha 5 beta 1 were expressed, whereas alpha 1 beta 1, alpha 2 beta 1, alpha 3 beta 1, alpha 6 beta 1, and(More)
Switch from non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) to syncytium-inducing (SI) HIV type 1 (HIV-1) is associated with accelerated CD4(+) T cell depletion, which might partially be explained by higher virulence of SI variants compared with NSI variants. Because NSI and SI variants use different coreceptors for entry of target cells, altered tropism might offer an(More)
Deficiency of glucocerebrosidase (GBA) underlies Gaucher disease, a common lysosomal storage disorder. Carriership for Gaucher disease has recently been identified as major risk for parkinsonism. Presently, no method exists to visualize active GBA molecules in situ. We here report the design, synthesis and application of two fluorescent activity-based(More)
By using a newly developed optical technique which enables non-invasive measurement of mitochondrial oxygenation (mitoPO(2)) in the intact heart, we addressed three long-standing oxygenation questions in cardiac physiology: 1) what is mitoPO(2) within the in vivo heart?, 2) is mitoPO(2) heterogeneously distributed?, and 3) how does mitoPO(2) of the isolated(More)
Retroviruses establish productive infection only in proliferating cells. Macrophages are often considered to be non-proliferating in vitro yet are susceptible to HIV-1 infection. This has led to the conclusion that HIV-1 can establish infection independent of host cell proliferation. We here report that a small proportion of macrophages does have(More)
Circulating CD8+ T cells with a CD45RA+CD27- phenotype resemble cytolytic effector cells because they express various cytolytic mediators and are able to execute cytotoxicity without prior stimulation in vitro. We here demonstrate that CD8+CD45RA+CD27- T cells can use both granule exocytosis and Fas/Fas ligand pathways to induce apoptosis in target cells.(More)
On the basis of expression of the T cell differentiation antigen CD27, human peripheral blood CD4+ memory cells can be divided into two subsets, a large CD45RA-CD27+ (82%) and a small CD45RA-CD27- (18%) population. Analysis of the functional properties of these memory T cell subsets showed that proliferative responses to the recall antigen tetanus toxoid(More)