Berdine M Burger

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PURPOSE To assess the variation in macular thickness measurements in healthy Caucasian and African American men and women through Stratus OCT optical coherence tomography (OCT-3). METHODS One hundred sixty-six eyes of 83 healthy patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examination in this prospective study. Exclusion criteria included a diagnosis of(More)
Between December 1981 and April 1984, five children ranging in age from 1 month to 5 1/2 years examined by two-dimensional echocardiography appeared to have a double orifice mitral valve. The diagnosis was verified in one patient at surgery, one patient by angiography and one patient by necropsy. Associated malformations included mitral stenosis and(More)
We have assessed the capacity of an analogue of angiotensin II (A II), 1-Sar, 8-Ala A II (P113) in normal man to stimulate and block responses to A II in four systems: blood pressure was monitored directly from an arterial catheter, and renal blood flow was measured with 133Xe and arterial renin and aldosterone concentrations by radioimmunoassay. The 31(More)
The renal vascular response to graded doses of acetylcholine, dopamine and phentolamine, assessed by xenon washout and selective arteriography was used to define the relative contribution of fixed and reversible vascular abnormalities to increased renal vascular resistance in patients with essential or secondary hypertension. The increase in blood flow(More)
A variety of estrogen- and progestin-containing oral contraceptive agents reduced renal blood flow (RBF) significantly in 23 healthy, nonhypertensive young women, to a mean of 75 +/- 3.3% of the value expected for their age and dietary sodium intake (P less than 0.001). There was also significant activation of the renin-angiotensin system: renin substrate(More)
PURPOSE There is a growing interest in multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children because they lose accommodation when a cataract is removed. Many have assumed that very little, if any, eye growth occurs in the second decade of life. Multifocal IOL implantation requires precise biometry to arrive at the correct IOL power for spectacle(More)
BACKGROUND Nail-gun accidents have become a common reason for penetrating ocular injuries in patients presenting to the emergency room with globe trauma. To date, there are only five patients (one case report and one small case series) in the medical literature of penetrating ocular injury due to nail-guns. The aim of this study is to describe the(More)
Thirty-two consecutive infants with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and ventricular septal defect underwent subxiphoid 2-dimensional echocardiography (2-D echo). Two independent observers prospectively evaluated each echocardiogram for the presence or absence of left ventricular (LV) outflow tract obstruction, whether outflow obstruction was(More)
1. The effect of modifying potassium intake on arterial plasma renin activity, angiotensin II and aldosterone concentrations, renal blood flow and their responses to exogenous angiotensin II has been assessed in twenty-six normal subjects. 2. Reduced potassium intake was associated with a significant increase in circulating renin activity and angiotensin II(More)
The influence of barbiturate anesthesia on renal blood flow was assessed by the xenon washout method in trained dogs with catheters chronically implanted in the renal artery. Anesthesia induced with either thiopental sodium or pentobarbital sodium resulted in a striking reduction in renal blood flow (4.1 +/- 0.1 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.2 ml/g per min; P less than(More)