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Methamphetamine (MA)-dependent individuals prefer smaller immediate over larger delayed rewards in delay discounting (DD) tasks. Human and animal data implicate ventral (amygdala, ventral striatum, ventrolateral prefrontal cortex insula) and dorsal (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and posterior parietal cortex) systems in DD(More)
BACKGROUND Newly arrived Hispanic immigrants are generally healthier than the U.S.-born population, but this distinction tends to diminish over time as immigrants adapt to a new and different sociocultural environment. OBJECTIVE This study sought to determine whether length of residence in the United States was associated with obesity (body mass index(More)
There is increasing evidence that immigrants and traumatized individuals have elevated prevalence of medical disease. This study focuses on 459 Vietnamese, Cambodian, Somali, and Bosnian refugee psychiatric patients to determine the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. The prevalence of hypertension was 42% and of diabetes was 15.5%. This was(More)
Methamphetamine (MA) dependence accounts for substantial neuropsychiatric morbidity. Furthermore, there is evidence in the literature of psychiatric and cognitive impairment in chronic users. This report compares the general psychiatric and cognitive functioning, including impulsive decision-making, of individuals dependent on MA and normal controls.(More)
Although a clear risk of mortality is associated with obesity, the risk of mortality associated with overweight is equivocal. The objective of this study is to estimate the relationship between BMI and all-cause mortality in a nationally representative sample of Canadian adults. A sample of 11,326 respondents aged >or=25 in the 1994/1995 National Population(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide completion and attempted suicide are major concerns for people with bipolar disorder. Studies in the private sector have suggested that lithium treatment may be superior to divalproex therapy with regard to minimizing suicidal behavior among individuals with bipolar disorder. However, few data are available regarding Medicaid patients(More)
Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) are legal documents that permit competent adults to make choices in the present about their future psychiatric treatment if they lose their decision-making capacity. PADs may provide for the appointment of surrogate decision-makers. The present project was undertaken to obtain opinions from the consumer (the patient),(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neuromuscular disease that causes gradual paralysis, respiratory failure, and death, usually within three to five years after it has been diagnosed. Between 1995 and 1997, we surveyed patients with this disease in Oregon and Washington, as well as their family care givers, in order to determine(More)
This paper examines in detail the involvement of a group of Indochinese patients in the Oregon Civil Commitment process in the calendar years of 1985 and 1986. The authors found that there was no apparent difference in the rate of commitment as contrasted to the overall commitment rate of the general population. The results also indicated that there was(More)
The authors examine the emergency commitment process in one Oregon county and present data that document the impact of a local detention facility. The study reconfirms the dependence of commitment processes on the mental health system in which they occur, illustrates the relative inability of specific laws to determine the actual nature of commitment(More)