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BACKGROUND Methamphetamine (MA)-dependent individuals prefer smaller immediate over larger delayed rewards in delay discounting (DD) tasks. Human and animal data implicate ventral (amygdala, ventral striatum, ventrolateral prefrontal cortex insula) and dorsal (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and posterior parietal cortex)(More)
The authors describe the development, reliability testing, and validation of a 17-item instrument that measures the level of functioning of chronically mentally ill persons living in the community. The Multnomah Community Ability Scale is designed to be completed by case managers. The instrument provides a measure of the consumer's severity of disability(More)
RATIONALE Methamphetamine (MA) dependence accounts for substantial neuropsychiatric morbidity. Furthermore, there is evidence in the literature of psychiatric and cognitive impairment in chronic users. OBJECTIVES This report compares the general psychiatric and cognitive functioning, including impulsive decision-making, of individuals dependent on MA and(More)
The authors describe uses for a 17-item instrument that efficiently measures the functioning level of chronically mentally ill persons living in the community. The Multnomah Community Ability Scale is designed to be completed by case managers who work with chronically mentally ill consumers. The instrument is sensitive to differences among individuals(More)
Although a clear risk of mortality is associated with obesity, the risk of mortality associated with overweight is equivocal. The objective of this study is to estimate the relationship between BMI and all-cause mortality in a nationally representative sample of Canadian adults. A sample of 11,326 respondents aged >or=25 in the 1994/1995 National Population(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the association between health-related quality of life (HRQL) and mortality risk, and compared the predictive ability of Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) with self-rated health (SRH). METHODS Data were from the 1994/95 Canadian National Population Health Survey, consisting of 12,375 women and men aged 18 and older. Cox(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neuromuscular disease that causes gradual paralysis, respiratory failure, and death, usually within three to five years after it has been diagnosed. Between 1995 and 1997, we surveyed patients with this disease in Oregon and Washington, as well as their family care givers, in order to determine(More)
INTRODUCTION According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization, increasing physical activity may help prolong health and preserve the quality of life in late adulthood. Physical activity has taken center stage as the behavior most likely to alter health. However, there is little recent population-wide information(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide completion and attempted suicide are major concerns for people with bipolar disorder. Studies in the private sector have suggested that lithium treatment may be superior to divalproex therapy with regard to minimizing suicidal behavior among individuals with bipolar disorder. However, few data are available regarding Medicaid patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Understanding lifestyle improvements among individuals with chronic illness is vital for targeting interventions that can increase longevity and improve quality of life. METHODS Data from the U.S. Health and Retirement Study were used to examine changes in smoking, alcohol use, and exercise 2-14 years after a diagnosis of heart disease,(More)