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RATIONALE Methamphetamine (MA) dependence accounts for substantial neuropsychiatric morbidity. Furthermore, there is evidence in the literature of psychiatric and cognitive impairment in chronic users. OBJECTIVES This report compares the general psychiatric and cognitive functioning, including impulsive decision-making, of individuals dependent on MA and(More)
BACKGROUND Methamphetamine (MA)-dependent individuals prefer smaller immediate over larger delayed rewards in delay discounting (DD) tasks. Human and animal data implicate ventral (amygdala, ventral striatum, ventrolateral prefrontal cortex insula) and dorsal (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and posterior parietal cortex)(More)
OBJECTIVES Understanding lifestyle improvements among individuals with chronic illness is vital for targeting interventions that can increase longevity and improve quality of life. METHODS Data from the U.S. Health and Retirement Study were used to examine changes in smoking, alcohol use, and exercise 2-14 years after a diagnosis of heart disease,(More)
OBJECTIVE Admissions to psychiatric emergency services have frequently been cited as a gauge of how well a mental health system manages behavioral disorders. However, few measurements of the longitudinal association between psychiatric emergencies and characteristics of a mental health system have been described. The purpose of this study was to assess(More)
OBJECTIVE For decades, lithium has been prescribed to treat bipolar disorder. Its efficacy has been documented by clinical trials and by data from specialized clinics. An issue of considerable interest is the use of lithium in managed care systems. This project examined the use of lithium and its continuity of use by enrollees of a health maintenance(More)
Oregon is one of three states that allows persons to prepare a legal document-and advance directive-to stipulate the mental health treatment they wish to receive should they lose their decision-making capacity. An informal one-page questionnaire on the use of advance directives for mental health treatment in the state was enclosed in newsletters sent to(More)
The authors present a case series of seven older (mean age = 66 years) state hospital patients treated with valproate as an adjunct to conventional medications. The patients had had affective disorder (chiefly bipolar disorder) for an average of 31 years. Most had been hospitalized at the state hospital for several years. Previous unsuccessful treatments(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the independent association of physical illness and functional limitations with suicide mortality risk. The Cox proportional hazards model was used with data from the 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey linked to the 1986-1997 National Death Index to analyze the effects of chronic physical illness and(More)
A total of 260 family members responded to a survey seeking information about their mentally ill relatives' contacts with the criminal justice system. Reports by family members indicated that the mentally ill relatives were mainly men in their early thirties with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder; they had had an average of four admissions to(More)
A physiological hyperarousal state, which can be reactivated by traumatic stimuli, occurs frequently in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The goals of this study were to determine whether physiological hyperarousal measured by increased heart rate is a specific response to reminders of a patient's own traumatic events or a more generalized(More)