Bente Frølund

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γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) binding to brain-specific high-affinity sites is well-established and proposed to explain both physiological and pharmacological actions. However, the mechanistic links between these lines of data are unknown. To identify molecular targets for specific GHB high-affinity binding, we undertook photolinking studies combined with(More)
The GABA(A) receptor system is implicated in a number of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, making GABA(A) receptor ligands interesting as potential therapeutic agents. Only a few different classes of structures are currently known as ligands for the GABA recognition site on the hetero-pentameric GABA(A) receptor complex, reflecting the very strict(More)
The linkage between agonist binding and the activation of a GABA(A) receptor ion channel is yet to be resolved. This aspect was examined on human recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2S GABA(A) receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells using the following series of receptor agonists: GABA, isoguvacine, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (THIP),(More)
Retinal diseases leading to impaired vision and ultimately blindness are mainly characterized by ischemic and hypoxic stress. Targeting the retinal ρ-containing γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (ρ GABAARs) and thereby decreasing the retinal neuronal activity has been proposed as a novel therapeutic approach. The taurine transporter (TAUT) plays a key(More)
In the mid seventies a drug design programme using the Amanita muscaria constituent muscimol (7) as a lead structure, led to the design of guvacine (23) and (R)-nipecotic acid (24) as specific GABA uptake inhibitors and the isomeric compounds isoguvacine (10) and isonipecotic acid (11) as specific GABAA receptor agonists. The availability of these compounds(More)
1. GABA(A) receptor agonists have previously been characterized at human GABA(A) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The correlation between these data and functional in vivo data of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (THIP) has shown that THIP is 100 fold more potent in clinical studies than in oocytes. 2. THIP and a series of agonists(More)
GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) are ligand gated chloride ion channels that mediate overall inhibitory signaling in the CNS. A detailed understanding of their structure is important to gain insights in, e.g., ligand binding and functional properties of this pharmaceutically important target. Homology modeling is a necessary tool in this regard because(More)
The GABA(A) receptor system is implicated in a number of neurological and psychiatric diseases, making GABA(A) receptor ligands interesting as potential therapeutic agents. Only a few different classes of structures are currently known as ligands for the GABA recognition site on the hetero-pentameric GABA(A) receptor complex, reflecting the very strict(More)
The classic muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) agonist carbamoylcholine (carbachol) does not seem to be the most obvious lead for the development of selective ligands at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). In the past, however, N-methylations of carbachol have provided N-methylcarbamoylcholine and N,N-dimethylcarbamoylcholine (DMCC), which(More)