Bent Harvald

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The aim of this study was to explore, in a large and non-censored twin cohort, the nature (i.e., additive versus non-additive) and magnitude (i.e., heritability) of genetic influences on inter-individual differences in human longevity. The sample comprised all identified and traced non-emigrant like-sex twin pairs born in Denmark during the period 1870–1900(More)
Three hundred and thirty-three consecutive patients in a medical ward were evaluated in a high-intensity monitoring scheme for drug events as a cause of hospitalization. Taking into consideration only 'definite' and 'probable' drug events, we found 36 cases (10.8%) of all admissions to be drug-related hospitalizations (DRH). Of these, 8.1% were adverse drug(More)
1. In total 1999 consecutive admissions to six medical wards were subjected to a prospective high-intensity drug event monitoring scheme to assess the extent and pattern of admissions caused by adverse drug reactions (ADRs) or dose related therapeutic failures (TF), in a population-based design. The wards were sub-specialised in general medicine,(More)
BACKGROUND Population based twin registers represent a valuable tool for genetic epidemiological research, since twin studies aim at separating the effect of genes and environment for complex traits. The Danish Twin Register's history, size, ascertainment and completeness of data, as well as data accessibility and availability are described. RESULTS The(More)
The heritability of human longevity was investigated in a sample of 218 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) and 382 pairs of like-sex dizygotic (DZ) Danish twin pairs born 1870-1880. Twin similarity for age at death was significant for MZ twins but nonsignificant for DZ twins. The heritability (h2) of life span estimated from the best-fitting biometrical model was(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess, by use of a population based twin register, if there are sex and age differences in genetic and environmental influences on inter-individual variation in BMI among middle-aged and elderly subjects. DESIGN Twin study. SUBJECTS 1233 like-sex Danish twin pairs (213 MZ male, 322 DZ male, 280 MZ female, 418 DZ female pairs, age: 46-76(More)
OBJECTIVE The aetiology of Graves' disease (GD) is generally thought to fit a multi-factorial pattern of inheritance in which clinical disease develops on the basis of genetic susceptibility interacting with environmental and endogenous factors. In previous twin studies the probandwise concordance rates for hyperthyroidism were as high as 0.86 in(More)
As part of a high-intensity monitoring study of drug events as the cause of admission to departments of internal medicine, the effect of an educational intervention programme was studied. Two departments were included, one specialising in geriatrics and one that received patients by non-selected referral. The series consisted of 607 consecutive admissions(More)