Bent Adel Hansen

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Cerebral edema leading to cerebral herniation (CH) is a common cause of death in acute liver failure (ALF). Animal studies have related ammonia with this complication. During liver failure, hepatic ammonia removal can be expected to determine the arterial ammonia level. In patients with ALF, we examined the hypotheses that high arterial ammonia is related(More)
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is often complicated by high intracranial pressure (ICP) and fatal brain damage. In this study, we determined if a rise in [glutamate]ec and [lactate]ec preceded surges of high ICP in patients with FHF (median age, 42; range, 20-55 years; 7 women; 3 men) by inserting a microdialysis catheter into the brain-cortex together(More)
In this prospective study of patients with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), we tested the hypothesis that arterial hyperammonemia results in cerebral accumulation of the osmotic active amino acids glutamine and alanine, processes that were expected to correlate with intracranial pressure (ICP). By using in vivo brain microdialysis technique together with(More)
Over the last two decades, orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has become an established treatment for acute and chronic liver failure. OLT impacts not only on survival, but also on health-related quality of life. This study was undertaken to describe the self-rated health of Danish liver transplant recipients, compare their self-rated health against(More)
The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of a single treatment with the molecular adsorbents recirculating system (MARS) on systemic hemodynamics and oxygen consumption (VO(2)) in patients with hyperacute liver failure (HALF). In a controlled design, eight patients with HALF were assigned to a 6-hour MARS treatment, and five patients, to a control(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study validates transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) for determination of the lower limit of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation and establishes a relation between global CBF and mean flow velocity (Vmean) in the middle cerebral artery. METHODS Relative changes in CBF and in Vmean were compared in 12 normal volunteers (2(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatobiliary malignancies are frequently seen in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and they complicate the evaluation of patients and timing of liver transplantation. METHODS Data from all Nordic PSC patients listed for liver transplantation during 1990-2001 were recorded prospectively. Predictors of hepatobiliary malignancy and(More)
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a condition with an unfavourable prognosis. Multiorgan failure and circulatory collapse are frequent causes of death, but cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension (ICH) are also common complications with a high risk of fatal outcome. The underlying pathogenesis has been extensively studied and although the development of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute liver failure (ALF) often results in cardiovascular instability, renal failure, brain oedema and death either due to irreversible shock, cerebral herniation or development of multiple organ failure. High-volume plasma exchange (HVP), defined as exchange of 8-12 or 15% of ideal body weight with fresh frozen plasma in case series(More)
AIM Hyperammonemia causes brain edema and high intracranial pressure (ICP) in acute liver failure (ALF) by accumulation of glutamine in brain. Since a high-level glutamine may compromise mitochondrial function, the aim of this study was to determine if the lactate-pyruvate ratio is associated with a rise in the glutamine concentration and ICP. PATIENTS(More)